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#1 AMS Bailey

6th gr - 1st 9 wks Test

QuestionAnswer
Why do geographers study the 5 themes of geography? organize info about earth & its people; know where things are located & why they are there
List the 5 themes of geography. location, movement, place, regions, human-environment interaction
Describe the geographical theme of location. describes the position of a place on earth; absolute & relative
Describe the geographical theme of movement. people, ideas, goods get moved from place to place
Describe the geographical theme of regions. created by geographers – look @ common physical/human features
Describe the geographical theme of human-environment interaction. people interact w/ land (their environment)
Describe the geographical theme of place. describes physical & human features of an area
How are goods transported from place to place? land, air, water, rail, pipeline
How are people transported from place to place? land, air, water, rail
How are ideas communicated from place to place? people sharing, "snail" mail, telephone/cell phone, TV/radio, newspaper/magazines, Internet
What is geography? study of Earths’ surface (environment) & the processes that change it
What is absolute location and how is it determined (what is it based upon)? a places’ exact spot on earth; latitude & longitude (grid system)
What is relative location? a place is described in relation to somewhere else (what it’s near or around)
What types of earth’s features are studied by geographers? physical and human/cultural
What are examples of the earth's physical features? landforms, water, soil, climate, plant life, animal life, elevation, altitude
What are examples of the earth's human/cultural features? population, ways of life (religion, traditions, jobs…), economy, language, buildings/highways … anything having to do w/ the people of a place
Why do geographers study regions? to compare places
What do geographers study when comparing regions? areas/places common features
What relationships do geographers study? how people & Earth affect each other
In what ways do people interact with their environment? adapt to it, modify it, depend upon it
How are people interacting with their environment when they wear heavier clothing when the temperatures are cooler or build houses higher off ground in areas prone to flooding? adapting to it
How are people interacting with their environment when mining companies dig deep into the earth to extract minerals, when a bypass is built north of Starkville or when landfills are used to dump trash? modifying it
How are people interacting with their environment when they use it for survival, such as growing food or having a job of being a shrimp fisherman? depending upon it
When people interact with their environment, what kinds of results occur? can be either positive or negative
What is a compass rose? What is its purpose? a symbol on a map that show directions
What name is given to the directional points on a compass rose? Name those directions. cardinal directions -- north, south, east, west
What name is given to the directions between the cardinal directions? Name those directions. intermediate directions -- northeast, northwest, southeast, southwest
If someone is traveling in a northerly direction, toward what point on the earth is he heading? North Pole
If someone is traveling in a southerly direction, toward what point on the earth is he heading? South Pole
What are hemispheres? half of a sphere -- half of the earth
What imaginary line divides Earth into the Northern Hemisphere & Southern Hemisphere? equator
What imaginary line divides Earth into the Eastern Hemisphere & Western Hemisphere? Prime Meridian
Which continents lie in the Northern Hemisphere? North America, South America, Europe, Asia, Africa
Which oceans lie in the Northern Hemisphere? Arctic Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, Pacific Ocean
Which continents lie in the Southern Hemisphere? South America, Africa, Australia, Antarctica, Asia (islands)
Which oceans lie in the Southern Hemisphere? Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, Pacific Ocean
Which continents lie in the Western Hemisphere? Europe, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica
Which oceans lie in the Western Hemisphere? Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Arctic Ocean
Which continents lie in the Eastern Hemisphere? Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, Antarctica
Which oceans lie in the Eastern Hemisphere? Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, Arctic Ocean
North America lies in which hemispheres? Northern - Western Hemipsheres
South American lies in which hemispheres? Northern - Southern - Western Hemipsheres
Europe lies in which hemispheres? Northern - Western - Eastern Hemipsheres
Africa lies in which hemispheres? Northern - Southern - Eastern - Western Hemipsheres
Asia lies in which hemipheres? Northern - Southern - Eastern Hemipsheres
Australia lies in which hemispheres? Southern - Eastern Hemipsheres
Antarctica lies in which hemispheres? Southern - Eastern - Western Hemipsheres
The Arctic Ocean lies in which hemispheres? Northern - Eastern - Western Hemipsheres
The Atlantic Ocean lies in which hemispheres? Northern - Southern - Eastern - Western Hemipsheres
The Pacific Ocean lies in which hemispheres? Northern - Southern - Eastern - Western Hemipsheres
The Indian Ocean lies in which hemispheres? Northern - Southern - Eastern Hemipsheres
Why would a globe be a preferred drawing of the earth’s surface? it is the most accurate way to show Earth’s continents and bodies of water
What is a map’s projection? representation of Earth’s rounded surface on a flat surface
What happens to landforms on the earth when they are drawn on a flat map? become distorted – shapes/sizes are either larger or smaller than the actual size:ratio as found on Earth
What is the connection between projection and distortion when studying a map? projection is how Earth is drawn on a flat map; distortion is the loss of accuracy of the shapes/sizes when drawn on a flat map
Created by: scb4msu on 2010-10-04



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