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SPED 326 Vocab

Vocabulary from Chapter 6

Speech Disorder difficulty producing sounds as well as disorders of voice quality or fluency (stuttering) (154)
Language Disorder difficulty receiving, understanding, or formulating ideas and information (154)
Receptive Language Disorder characterized by difficulty receiving or understanding information (154)
Expressive Language Disorder characterized by difficulty formulating ideas and information (154-5)
Clef Palate or Lip condition in which a person has a split in the upper part of the oral cavity or the upper lip (155)
Dialect a language variation that a group of individuals uses and that reflects shared regional, social, or cultural/ethnic factors (155)
Speech the oral expression of language (156)
Language a structured, shared, rule-governed, symbolic system for communicating (157)
Phonology the use of sounds to make meaningful syllables and words (157)
Phonemes individual speech sounds (157)
Morphology the system that governs the structure of words (157)
Morpheme the smallest meaningful unit of speech (157)
Syntax provides rules for putting together a series of words to form sentences (157)
Semantics the meaning of what is expressed (157)
Pragmatics the use of communication in contexts; the overall organizer for language (157)
Social Interaction Theories emphasize that communication skills are learned through social interactions (158)
Articulation Disorders one of the most frequent communication disorders in preschool and school-age children (159)
Articulation a speaker's production of individual or sequenced sounds (159)
Substitutions an articulation error that may include a child substituting "d" for "th" (159)
Omissions occur when a child leaves a phoneme out of a word (159)
Additions occur when students place a vowel between two consonants (159)
Distortions modifications of the production of a phoneme in a word (159)
Apraxia a motor speech disorder that affects the way in which a students plans to produce speech (160)
Pitch is affected by the tension and size of the vocal folds, the health of the larynx, and the location of the larynx (160)
Duration the length of time any speech sound requires (160)
Resonance the perceived quality of someone's voice, determined by the way in which the tone coming from the vocal folds is modified by the spaces of the throat, mouth, and nose (160)
Hypernasality when air is allowed to pass through the nasal cavity on sounds other than /m/, /n/, and /ng/ (160)
Hyponasality when air cannot pass through the nose and comes through the mouth instead (160)
Fluency the rate and rhythm of speaking (161)
Specific Language Impairment not related to any physical or intellectual disability (161)
Organic Disorders is caused by an identifiable problem in the neuromuscular mechanism of the person (162)
Functional Disorders those disorders with no identifiable organic or neurological case (162)
Congenital Disorder a disorder that occurs at or before birth(162)
Acquired Disorder a disorder that occurs well after birth (162)
Oral Motor Exam an examination of the appearance, strength, and range of motion of the lips, tongue, palate, teeth, and jaw (164)
Bilingual uses two languages equally well (164)
Bidialectal uses two variations of a language (164)
System for Augmenting Language (SAL) an instructional strategy that focuses on augmented input of language (172)
Created by: lemonlane