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AMT 4 Definitions

Largest bone in the body Femur
The ends of a developing bone Epiphysis
The shaft of the long bone Diaphysis
The membrane that forms the covering of bones except at their articular surfaces Periosteum
The dense, hard layer of bone tissue Compact bone
A narrow space or cavity throughout the length of the diaphysis Medullary canal
A tough connective tissue membrane lining the medullary canal and containing the bone marrow Endosteum
Called spongy bone, this is the reticular tissue making up most of the volume of bone Cancellous
Air cavity within certain bones sinus
an opening in the bone for blood vessels, ligaments, and nerves Foramen
tubelike passage or canal meatus
very large process of the femur trochanter
small, rounded process Tubercle
Large, rounded process tuberosity
rounded process that enters into the formation of a joint, articlation Condyle
ridge on a bone crest
pointed, sharp, slender process spine
Cartilage cells chondrocytes
Inflammation of the joints Arthritis
process of bending a limb flexion
process of moving a body part away from the middle abduction
process of bending a body part backward dorsiflexion
process of moving a body part toward the middle Adduction
Process of moving a body part in a circular motion Circumduction
Process of turning outward eversion
Process of turning inward inversion
Process of straightening a flexed limb extension
Process of lying prone or face down pronation
Process of lying supine or face upward supination
Process of moving a body part forward protraction
Process of moving body part backward retraction
Process of moving a body part around a central axis rotation
Abnormal anterior curvature of the spine Lordosis
abnormal lateral curvature of the spine Scoliosis
normal thoracic curvature becomes exaggerated, producing "humpback" Kyphosis
Fracture is one that occurs at the lower end of the fibula and medial malleolus of the tibia with dislocation of foot outward and backward. Pott's
Only one side of the shaft is broken and the other is bent Greenstick
A break in the distal portion of the radius Colles'
curve is the first 7 vertebrae Cervical
Curve is next 12 vertebrae Thoracic
Curve is the next 5 vertebrae Lumbar
Curve consists of the sacrum and coccyx Sacral
Synthetic products that are widely used in the treatment of inflammation, arthritis, and related disorders. NSAIDs
Drugs that relieve the swelling, redness, and pain of the inflammation Anti-inflammatory
Steroid substances with potent anti-inflammtory effects Corticosteroids
Low-dose form of methotrexate approved for rheumatoid arthritis Rheumatrex
Agents that relieve pain without causing loss of consciousness Analgesics
prevents or relieve Rheumatism Antirheumatic drugs
Calcium Ca
Degenerative joint disease DJD
Fracture Fx
Joint jt
Long arm cast LAC
Long leg cast LLC
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAIDs
Osteoarthritis OA
Rheumatoid Arthritis RA
Short arm cast SAC
Traction Tx
Medical-surgical specialty that deals with prevention and/or correction of disorders that involve locomotor sturctures of the obdy, especially the skeleton, joints, muscles, fascia, ligaments, tendons, and cartilage. Orthopedics
A physician who specializes in orthopedics Orthopedist
Bone-forming cell osteoblast
Inflammation of the bone and joint Osteoarthritis
Cancerous tumor of the bone Osteocarcinoma
Inflammation of the bone marrow Ostemyelitis
Softening of the bone(s) Osteomalacia
Instrument used for cutting bone Osteotome
Inflammation of the bone and cartliage OSteochondritis
A malignant tumor of the bone arising from connective tissue Osteosarcoma
The principal bones of the _________ skeleton are the skull, spine, ribs, and sternum. Axial
The __________ Skeleton consists of the shoulder girdle, arm, and hands, and the pelvic girdle, legs, and feet. Appendicular
Cartilage cells Chondrocytes
Pertaining to cartilage Chondral
Pain in or around cartilage Chondralgia
Surgical excision of a cartilage Chrondrectomy
Softening of cartilage Chondromalacia
Study of dieases of cartilage Chondropathology
Joint disease Arthropathy
Pain in a joint Arthralgia
Surgical excision of a joint Arthrectomy
Surgical puncture of a joint Arthrocentesis
Surgical binding of a joint Arthrodesis
Surgical repair of a joint Arthroplasty
An instrument used to examine the interior of the knee Arthroscope
Does not permit movemnt Synarthrosis
Permits very slight movement Amphiarthrosis
Allows free movement in a variety of directions Diarthosis
Inflammation of a bursa Bursitis
__________, or simple, fractures are completely internal Closed
Open, or __________ fractures, project through the skin Compound
___________fractures shatter the affected area into a multitude of bony fragments Comminuted
Inflammation of the joints of the hands or feet Acroarthritis
Projecton of the spine of the scapula that forms the point at the shoulder and articulates with the clavicle Acromion
Surgical removal of the skull Cranioplasty
Protusion (herniation)of the brain from the skull Craniocele
Surgical excision of a portion of the skull Craniectomy
The study of the skull Craniology
Incision into the skull Craniotomy
Big toe Hallux
Heel bone Calcaneal
Fingerprint Dactylogram
Knock-knee Genu valgum
Abnormal flatness of the sole and arch of the foot Flatfoot
Pertaining to the rib Costal
Bones of the ankle Tarsals
______are synthetic products that are widely used in treatment of inflammation, arthritis, and related disorders. NSAIDs
Drugs that are generally used for skeletal system disorders/diseases include anti-flammatory, antirheumatic, and ______ agents Analgesic
A condition that results in reduction of bone mass Osteoporosis
Created by: sotc