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Geography cap. 1

pre-ap chapter 1 study guide

Hemisphere each half of the globe
Latitude & Longitude lines latitude= parallels longitude= meridians
equator is the imaginary line that divides the earth in 2
Prime Meridian splits the map west & east through Gretchen England
Planar projections a projection on a flat surface. Also known as azimuthal projection. Distorts size and shape.
Conical Projections A projection onto a cone. This projection shows shape fairly accurately, but it distorts landmasses at the edges of the map.
Compromise projections A projection onto a cylinder. This projection shows the entire earth on one map.
Mercator Projection Type of compromise projection. The shapes of the continents are distorted at the poles and somewhat compressed near the equator.
Homolosine Projection a kind of compromise projection. is sometimes called an "interrupted map" because the oceans are divided. This projection shows the accurate shapes and sizes of the landmasses, but distances on the map are not correct.
Robinson projection a kind of compromise projection. Commonly used in textbooks. It shows the entire earth with nearly the true sizes and shapes of the continents and oceans. However, the shapes of the landforms near the poles appear flat.
Cartographer mapmaker
Landsat is actually a series of satellites that orbit more than 100 miles above earth
Topography the combined characteristics of landforms & their distribution in a region
Globe is a 3-dimensional representation of the earth
Thematic Maps which is a representation of natural and man-made features on the Earth
Qualitative Maps Qualitative maps use colors, symbols, dots, or lines to help you see patterns related to a specific idea. Kind of THermatic Map.
Cartograms In this thematic map geographers present information about a country based on a set of data other than land area.
Flow-Line maps This thematic map illustrate movement of people, goods,ideas, animals, or even glaciers.
GPS Global positioning system
GIS Combine information from a variety of sources and display it in ways that allow the user to visualize the use of space in diffrent ways
Compass Rose north south east west
Scale decided by how much detail to show
Small Scale shows a large area but without much detail
Large Scale Shows a small area with much more detail.
Location Absolute and Relative
Region formal, functional, Perceptual
Place physical features& cultural characteristics of a location
Human Environment Interaction relationship between humans& cultural characteristics of a location
Human Environment Interaction relationship between humans& their environment
Movement linear distance, time distance, and psychological distance
Elevation the height above sea level
Sea Level the height of the surface of the sea midway between the average high and low tides