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Science Method


To Review or analyze, detailed evaluation. Critique
The facts, figures, measurements and other evidence collected in an experiment. Data
An experiment in which all of the variables, except one, remain the same. Controlled Experiment
To arrange or assign to groups based upon their similarities. Classify
Words or terms that describe properties or characteristics of objects. Attribute
To examine carefully and in detail so as to identify causes, key factors, possible results, to separate into parts or elements. Analyze
The ONE factor that a scientist changes during an experiment. Independent or Manipulated Variable (IV or MV)
This is an educated guess based upon observation. It is a rational explanation of a single event or phenomenon based upon what is observed, but which has not been proven. Hypothesis
To judge or determine the significance, worth or quality of; assess. Evaluate
A rough or approximate calculation. Estimate
The result or variable that changes during an experiment. Dependent or Responding Variable (DV or RV)
Derived from or guided by experience or experiment, depending upon experience or observation alone, provable or verifiable by experience or experiment. Empirical
A specified series of actions or operations that are executed in the same manner in order to always obtain the same result under the same circumstances. Procedure
To state what you think might happen in the future, based on past experiences and observations. Predict
Consist of receiving knowledge of the outside world through the senses, or the recording of data using scientific instruments. Observations
An example or smaller representation of something to help scientists understand something. Model
The act or process of finding out the amount of something. Measure
Are logical explanations and can be influenced by knowledge, experience, and opinion. They are not final explanations of an observation. Often inferences are revised or made better after omre observations are made. Inference
Is an explanation of a set of related observations or events based upon proven bypotheses and verified multiple times by detached groups of researchers. It can be supported, modified or replaced as new evidence appears. Scientific Theory
The international system of measurement used by the majority of the worlds scientists. SI Units
Must be simple, true, universal, and absolute. A statement of fact meant to describe, in clear terms, an action or set of actions, sometimes expressed in terms of a single mathematical equation. They represent the touchstone of scientific discovery. Scientific Law
The many ways in which scientists study the world. Scientific Inquiry
Observations that deal with counting, measuring, and time. A scientist usually prefers this type of observations because they are more precise and accurate. Quantitative
Observations that use all five senses: touch, sight, taste, hearing and smell, to identify qualities and characteristics of what is being observed. Qualitative
Is a system of acquiring knowledge using observations and experimentation to describe and explain natural phenomena. Science
Created by: 1620680392