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Unit 1 Lesson 1 Voc.

Vocabulary Words for Unit 1

study of the distribution and interaction of physical and human features on the Earth Geography
describes a place in relation to other places around it Relative Location
the exact place on earth where a geographic feature is found. Absolute Location
set of imaginary lines that run parallel to the equator, and that are used in locating places north or south. The equator is labeled the zero-degree line for latitude. Latitude
set of imaginary lines that go around the earth over the poles, dividing it east and west. The prime meridian is labled the zero-degree line for longitude Longitude
the imaginary line that encircles the globe, dividing the earth into northern and southern halves Equator
the imaginary line at zero meridian used to measure longitude east to west, and dividing the earth's east and west halves; also called the Greenwich Meridian because it passes through Greenwich, England Prime Meridian
measures absolute location by using two coordinates, latitude and longitude Grid System
each half of the globe Hemisphere
a landmass above water on the earth Continent
the making of maps Cartography
technology that uses digital map information to create a databank; different "data layers" can be combined to produce specialized maps. GIS allows geographers to analyze different aspects of a specific place to solve problems. Geographic information Systems
areas grouped together based on similar characteristics Region
Defined by a small number of related characteristics (ie., U.S., Canada, Latin America, etc.) Formal regions
Organized around the interactions and connections of different places (ie., Houston and it's suburbs) Functional regions
People perceive the characteristics of the region in the same way Perceptual regions
Created by: MsThib