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Chapter 4

physical activity any form of movement that causes your body to use energy
physical fitness ability to carry out daily tasks easily and have enough reserve energy to respond
Sedentary lifestyle way of life with little physical activity
Diabetes prevents body from converting food to energy
Osteoporosis decrease in bone density making bones fragile
Metabolism body gets energy from food
Cardiovascular endurance ability yo utilize and send fuel and oxygen to tissues during exercise
Muscular Strength amount of force a muscle can exert
Muscle endurance muscles can perform physical tasks during a period of time without becoming tired
Flexibility ability to move a body part to full range of motion
Body composition ration of body fat to lean tissue
exercise physical activity to maintain personal fitness
aerobic exercise uses large muscle groups continuously over a period of time
anaerobic exercise short bursts of activity w/o oxygen
overload working harder than normally worked
progression slowly increasing into overload to achieve higher fitness
specificity particular exercises for particular areas
warm-up activity that prepares muscles for work
workout activity in exercise where it is preformed at highest peak
FITT formula frequency, intensity, time, type
cool-down prepares muscles for relaxing after exercising
resting heart rate beats when not active
training program program of physical preparation for a sport or activity
hydration taking in fluids so body functions properly
anabolic steroids synthenic substances related to testosterone
health screening check for diseases or disorders that you may not realize
overexertion over-working the body
heat cramps muscle spasms that are c aused by a loss of salt and water through perspiration
heatstroke body loses ability to rid itself of excessive heat
frostbite body tissues become frozen
hypothermia body temperature becomes very low
skin cancer can be caused by UV exposure
muscle cramp spasm or tightening of a muscle
strain damaged muscle or tendon
sprain injury to ligament
fracture bone break
dislocation bone is forced out of normal position
tendonitis tendons are stretched or torn from overuse
concussion results from blows to the head and can cause swelling of the brain
Created by: mchgnrckr