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Peds Master Test

Peds Question & Answers

QuestionAnswer
Fine, downy hair found on all body parts of the fetus, with the exception of the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet, after 20 weeks' gestation. lanugo
Excessive growth of a fetus in relation to the gestational time period. large for gestational age (LGA)
Moving of the fetus and uterus downward into the pelvic cavity. lightening
The line of darker pigmentation extending from the umbilicus to the pubis noted in some women during the later months of pregnancy linea nigra
Maternal discharge of blood, mucus, and tissue from the uterus; may last for several weeks after birth. lochia
Pink, serous, and blood-tinged vaginal discharge that follows lochia rubra and lasts until the seventh to tenth day after birth. lochia serosa
A condition seen in neonates of large body size and high birth weight, as those born of prediabetic and diabetic mothers. macrosomia
Inflammation of the breast mastitis
Dark green or black material present in the large intestine of a full-term infant; the first stools passed by the newborn. meconium
Tiny white papules appearing on the face of a neonate as a result of unopened sebaceous glands; they disappear spontaneously within a few weeks. milia
Discoloration of the skin in irregular areas; may be seen with chilling, poor perfusion, or hypoxia. mottling
A woman who has never been pregnant. nulligravida
Active and compassionate therapies intended to comfort and support those with short life expectancies palliative care
Pinpoint red lesions. petechiae
Yellow pigmentation of body tissues caused by the presence of bile pigments. physiologic jaundice
Born after the completion of the 42 st week of gestation. Postterm
After childbirth or delivery postpartum
Any infant born before 37 week of gestation. Preterm
Blood-tinged mucus from the vagina in the newborn female infant; caused by withdrawal of maternal hormones that were present during pregnancy. pseudomenstruation
Inadequate weight or growth for gestational age; birth weight below the tenth percentile. small for gestational age (SGA)
A surface-active mixture of lipoproteins secreted in the alveoli and air passages that reduces surface tension of pulmonary fluids and contributes to the elasticity of pulmonary tissue. surfactant
Normal newborn reflex elicited by inserting a finger or nipple in the newborn's mouth, resulting in forceful, rhythmic sucking. sucking reflex
Fibrous connections of opposed joint surfaces, as in the skull sutures
The normal duration of pregnancy term
Postural reflex seen in the newborn. When the supine infant's head is turned to one side, the arm and leg on that side extend while the extremities on the opposite side flex. Also called the fencing position tonic neck reflex
The structure connecting the placenta to the umbilicus of the fetus and through which nutrients from the woman are exchanged for wastes from the fetus umbilical cord
A protective cheeselike whitish substance made up of sebum and desquamated epithelial cells that is present on the fetal skin. vernix caseosa
Yellow-white gelatinous material surrounding the vessels of the umbilical cord. Wharton's jelly
the nasal rim of the eyelids; the angle at either end inner canthus
The temporal rim of the eyelids; the angle at either end of the slit between the eyelids outer canthus
The inflammation of the eyes in the newborn ophthalmia neonatorum
Partial or total premature separation of a normally implanted placenta. abruptio placentae
Difficult labor due to mechanical factors produced by the fetus or the maternal pelvis, or due to inadequate uterine or other muscular activity. dystocia
A major complication of pregnancy. Its cause is unknown; it occurs more often in the primigravida and is accompanied by elevated blood pressure, albuminuria, oliguria, tonic and clonic convulsions, and coma eclampsia
It may occur during pregnancy (usually after the 20th week of gestation) or within 48 hours after childbirth. eclampsia
Implantation of the fertilized ovum outside the uterine cavity; common sites are the abdomen, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. Also called oocyesis. ectopic pregnancy
Hemolytic disease of the newborn characterized by anemia, jaundice, enlargement of the liver and spleen, and generalized edema. Caused by isoimmunization due to Rh incompatibility or ABO incompatibility. erythroblastosis fetalis
Degenerative process in chorionic villi, giving rise to multiple cysts and rapid growth of the uterus with hemorrhage. hydatidiform mole
An excess of amniotic fluid, leading to overdistention of the uterus. Frequently seen in diabetic pregnant women, even if there is no coexisting fetal anomaly. Also called polyhydramnios. hydramnios
Excessive vomiting during pregnancy, leading to dehydration and starvation. hyperemesis gravidarum
Abnormal implantation of the placenta in the lower uterine segment. Classification of type is based on proximity to the cervical os: total-completely covers the os; partial-covers a portion of the os; marginal-is in close proximity to the os. placenta previa
abnormal deep attachment of the placenta to the uterine wall (decidua) such that the chorionic villi invade abnormally into the myometrium placenta accreta
The presence of excessive amniotic fluid surrounding the unborn infant. polyhydramnios
Bleeding into the subcutaneous tissue in the perineal area caused by episiotomy, labor and delivery is called? postpartum hematoma
Any blood loss from the uterus between 500 and 1,000 milliliters within 24 hours after delivery is called? postpartum hemorrhage
Toxemia of pregnancy, characterized by hypertension, albuminuria, and edema. preeclampsia
Simply means that the cervix is unable to support a pregnancy premature cervical dilation
This occurs when the women expells all during delivery such as placenta and fetus. products of conception
Umbilical cord that becomes trapped in the vagina before the fetus is born. prolapsed cord
A maternal temperature of 38C (100.4F) or higher on any 2 of the first 10 postpartal days, excluding the first 24 hours. The temperature is to be taken by mouth at least 4 times per day. puerperal
Relationship of the presenting fetal part to an imaginary line drawn between the pelvic ischial spines station
EFM (electronic fetal monitoring) test of the well-being of the fetus during contractions deliberately stimulated with oxytocin. stress test
Inflammation of a vein wall resulting in thrombus thrombophlebitis
reflex that occurs when a finger or small object is placed in the newborn’s hand palmar grasp reflex
urethral opening on the ventral (lower) surface of the penis hypospadius
reflex that occurs when the sole of the foot is touched plantar grasp reflex
heat lost by transfer to cooler objects that are nearby, but not in direct contact radiation
heat lost when water is changed to vapor evaporation
heat lost by direct contact with a cooler object conduction
heat lost by the movement of air convection
occurs when the infant is searching for food rooting reflex
outward movement of the nostrils nasal flaring
white pinpoint spots resembling white heads milia
reflex that occurs when newborns have a sense of falling; startle reflex moro
reflex elicited by stroking the lateral side of the foot from heel to toe babinski reflex
small white cysts, may be present on the palate of neonates epstein’s pearls
obtained by holding newborns with the feet touching the table stepping reflex
Surgical delivery or surgical removal of the fetus cesarean section
rebounding of the fetus against examiner’s fingers, when examiner puts two fingers into the vagina and pushes upward on the uterus ballottement
first fetal stool meconium
first fetal movements felt by the mother quickening
ability to live outside the uterus, is 24 weeks viability
Excessive fullness - usually referring to the breasts. engorgement
The sensation the mother feels when the baby "drops" down or gradually settles into the pelvis. lightening
The process of starting labor by artificial means. Induction
Instruments used by physicians when assistance is needed to move the baby through the birth canal. Forceps:
Forceps are designed to fit the baby’s head and the mother’s pelvis Forceps:
The use of artificial drugs, such as Pitocin or Prostaglandin hormone, to enhance or stimulate labor. Induction
delivery of the baby other than headfirst. Most breech deliveries are buttocks first. Breech birth
delivery of the baby through an incision in the abdomen and uterus. cesarean delivery
Excessive amount of bilirubin in the blood; indicative of hemolytic processes due to blood incompatibility, intrauterine infection, septicemia, neonatal renal infection, and other disorders. hyperbilirubinemia
The treatment of jaundice by exposure to light phototherapy
A fungal infection of the oral mucous membranes caused by Candida albicans. Most often seen in infants; characterized by white plaques in the mouth. thrush
a physical split or separation of the two sides of the upper lip cleft lip
split or opening in the roof of the mouth cleft palate
a birth defect in which part of esophagus is not hollow esophageal atresia
An organ that is one that is turned inside out like a rubber glove. exstrophy
an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain. The fluid (the CSF) is often under increased pressure which can compress (squeeze) and damage the brain. hydrocephalus
This term is sometimes familiarly called "water on the brain." hydrocephalus
A congenital failure of one or both nasal passages to open choanal atresia
A congenital malformation (a birth defect) in which the rectum is a blind alley (a cul-de-sac) and there is no anus. imperforate anus
Narrowing (stenosis) of the outlet of the stomach so that food cannot pass easily from it into the duodenum, resulting in feeding problems and projectile vomiting. pyloric stenosis
the foot is turned in sharply and the person seems to be walking on their ankle talipes
The Latin word for clubfoot talipes
infection caused by a single-celled parasite named toxoplasma gondii. toxoplasmosis
Very few have symptoms from this parasite because the immune system usually keeps the parasite from causing illness. toxoplasmosis
A hemolytic blood disease of newborn that can be seen less than 24 hours after birth. pathologic jaundice
The inability of the newborn immature liver to handle bilirubin, a by product of red cell breakdown about 48 to 72 hours after birth. physiologic jaundice
The presence of an extra finger or toe is called? ploydactylism
the fusing together of two or more digits that separation is possible by surgery. syndactylism
The new born with a complication is considered compromissed or what ? high risk newborn
Part or all of the brain is missing, the skill is flat and newborns live for only short time. anencephaly
refers to any state in which thyroid hormone production is below normal hypothyroidism
A Latin word that means top of the head,the top of the baby's head comes first at delivery, is called? vertex
(blank) version
This alrenative to forceps delivery, a round, soft plastic cup is placed on the fetal head and suction is applied to ease the fetus out. vacum extraction
The fetus lies across the uterus and when the membrane ruptures usually results in a shoulder presentation. transverse lie
Medical management including manuual rotation of the fetus before another type of help is needed? version
A nonabsorbable suture or ring placed around the cervix is called? cerclage
Another term used to describe postpartal or following the birth. puerperal
This term means outside. ectopic
Inflammation of the bladder is called? cystitis
The condition when the umbilical cord becomes wrapped around the fetus neck. nuchal cord
The insufficient or uncoordinated contraction that do not produce effective dilation is called? uterine inertia
A follow up after delivery of hydratiform mole is done that should fall but if ramins high this is known as? choriocarcinoma
when to measure head circumference? every visit to 2years old; annually to age 6
When should peek-a-boo be achieved? 1 year old
Created by: Nerd on 2006-06-01



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