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med terminology .7

chapter 7

alveol/o alveolus
anthrac/o coal
atel/o incomplete
bronch/o bronchus
bronchi/o bronchus
bronchiol/o bronchiole
coni/o dust
diaphragmat/o diaphragm
epiglott/o epiglottis
laryng/o larynx
lob/o lobe
nas/o nose
orth/o straight
ox/o oxygen
pharyng/o pharynx
pleur/o pleura
pneum/o lung
pneumon/o lung
pulmon/o lung
rhin/o nose
sinus/o sinus
spir/o breathing
trache/o trachea
-capnia carbon dioxide
-ectasis dilated
-osmia smell
-phonia voice
-pnea breathing
-ptysis spitting
-thorax chest
breathing ventilation (air from outside into lungs), external respiration (changes O2 for CO2 in lungs), internal respiration (O2 for CO2 in body tissue)
nares openings in the nose
nasal septum divides nose
palate separates nasal cavity from the mouth
mucous membrane lines much of the nose/throat/mouth
cilia nose hairs that trap dust
paranasal sinuses air filled cavities that act as an echo chamber
nasopharynx pharyngeal tonsil, eustachian tube, hard palate, soft palate
oropharynx palatine tonsile, tonuge
laryngopharynx epilogttis, vocal cords
pleura double membrane that protects the lungs
right lung bigger
left lung smaller
clubbing widening of toes/fingers seen as a result of O2 deprivation
epistaxis nosebleed
hemoptysis cough up blood
hyperventilation breathe both too fast and too deep
hypoventilation too slow and too shallow
orthopnea dysnpea worsened by laying flat
patent open or unblocked airway
Created by: sazzduhnuh