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OGT Social Studies

abolishes slavery 13th Amendment
African Americans are made citizens 14th Amendment
African American males get the right to vote 15th Amendment
Women get the right to vote 19th Amendment
The voting age is changed to 18 and older 26th Amendment
King or queen has all the power and makes all decisions Absolute Monarchy
A system of discrimination against blacks in South Africa Apartheid
This decision said segregation(separate but equal) was not equal and not legal anymore. This reversed Plessey Vs Ferguson Brown Vs. Board of Education
your rights can be limited to prevent bad things from happening or to protect public safety if there is a Clear and Present Danger
The tensions between US and USSR after WW2 where no battles were actually fought. US feared USSR would spread their influence of communism Cold War
All business and business decisons are run and made by the government Command Economy
individual rights can be limited to protect the group, the government feels they hae a Compelling Government Interest
People who don't go to war because of religious beliefs Conscientious Objectors
King/Queen shares power with a legislature and they make decisions together Constitutional Monarchy/Limited Monarchy
Soviets put nuclear weapons in Cuba Cuban Missile Crisis
A person with the support of his army controls the government and makes all decisions, not a king or queen Dictatorship
Anything dealing with jobs, money or business Economics
Moving out of an area or country to settle someplace else Emmigrate
A new way of thinking that allows humans to think/reason to explain how things happen Enlightenment
Moving into a new country Immigration
When a stronger country takes over and controls a weaker country Imperialism
Factories are formed and items are mass produced Industrialization
Laws that discriminated against blacks and promoted segregation Jim Crow Laws
printing things that you know are lies and can harm a person Libel
Producers and consumers make their own decisions in business. Business is privately owned. Market economy
Money is given to Europe to rebuild after WW2, also a way to stop communism Marshall Plan
campaign against communists in the 1950's in the USA McCarthyism
a main cause of WW1 because countries were building up their armies and weapons Militarism
A combination of goverment and the people making decisions in business Mixed Economy
When one company controls an entire industry or production of a good Monopoly
A group fighting for African American rights NAACP
rights can be limited to protect military operations National Security
A cause of WW1, a belief that your country is the best and you have pride in your culture Nationalism
protection treaty between USA and western Europe after WW2, also a way to fight against spread of communism NATO
Decision to allow segregation, separate but equal, Plessey Vs Ferguson
president shares power with legislature Presidential Democracy/Representative
the countryside, not in the city rural
saying things that can harm another person and are not true Slander
movement to get women the right to vote Womens Suffrage
The church/religious leaders make all decison in the government Theocracy
economic/business decisions are made based on traditions or customs Traditional Economy
This treaty ended WW1 and was very harsh on Germany Treaty of Versaille
Giving money to countries such as Greece and Turlkey to help them stabilize their government will help stop the spread of communism Truman Doctorine
in the city Urban
to approach in a lazy way and not really enforce something Laissez Faire
a system based on eliminating private property to end class struggles and create an ideal society. Government would control all business and make sure all people were taken care of Communism
taxes on imports and exports Tariff
A source that can be trusted and has knowledge or degree in the area they are discussing reliable/credible source
Movement of African Americans from the South to the North The Great Migration
One-sided information and ideas spread in order to get public support for your cause Propaganda
American and French Revolution What two revolutions were results of the Enlightenment
When many African Americans began to be recognized as musicians, artists, and writers Harlem Renaissance
A strong point of view or prejudice Bias
A movement to get minorities their rights in the 50's and 60's Civil Rights Movement
How monarchs gain power Heredity
Something written by a person that experienced the event first hand Primary Source
Belief that monarch was put on the throne by God Divine Right Theory
Like a dictatorship, when a small group rules Oligarchy
Who is in control when a dictator is removed from power No clear succession of power
Buying, selling and exchanging of goods within an between countries Trade
Products leaving a country Export
Products entering a country Import
Is it better for a country's economy if they have more imports or exports? Exports!
A tax placed on imports to protect domestic products Tariff
Amendment that allows the government to collect taxes 16th
Congress created what to manage the nation's economy - they set the interest rate Federal Reserve
The "Supreme Law of the Land" Constitution
The only way to change the Constitution Amendment
The court case that established "Clear and Present Danger" Schneck v. U.S.
The three branches of government Executive, Legislative, Judicial
The branch that enforces the laws - includes the president Executive
The branch that interprets laws Judicial
That branch that makes the laws Legislative
Why were three branches put into place? Checks and balances
An area with one or more common characteristics or features Region
Types of human activities that will change physical geography of an area Logging and mining
Reasons why people have chosen to migrate throughout history Political, social, economic and environmental
Movement from one country into another or movement into a country Immigration
Movement out of a country Emigration
The act, process or policy of making something worldwide in scope or application Globalization
Native to an area Indigenous
Being mutually dependent Interdependence
Graphic representation of the surface features of a place or region on a map Topography
A person or document that provides information Source
A source in which you can trust the author Reliable or credible
Used to persuade someone to your point of view Propaganda
Statements or arguments based on a false or invalid inference Logical fallacies
Supporting ideas that are not explicitly presented in the source Unstated assumptions
An oversimplified opinion or idea Stereotype
Gave us freedom of press, religion, petition, assembly and speech 1st amendment
Allowed for the direct election of senators 17th amendment
Outlawed literacy tests and poll taxes as requirements for voting 24th amendment
To critically look at something and come to a decision Analyze
To make a judgement about something Critique
To give the meaning to something Define
To show that something is true or false by using evidence or reasoning Demonstrate
To come to a conclusion about something Determine
To make judgments about some idea using evidence Evaluate
To provide reasons for something in order to make it clear and understandable Explain
To provide a brief account of the main ideas following the progress or history of the subject Trace
The number of ideas or pieces of evidence needed to answer a four point question on the OGT 4
Court case that allows for affirmative action Bakke v. CA
Type of ideas that led to the American Revolution, U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights, French Revolution, Latin American Wars for Independence Enlightenment
The century during which the Enlightenment period occurred 17th
Person that believed that the job of government was to protect rights of the people - Natural Rights Locke
Thinker that promoted separation of powers Montesquieu
Philosopher who promoted freedom of speech Voltaire
The country where the Industrial Revolution began Great Britain
Improved technology during the Industrial Revolution resulted in what for agriculture Greater output and lower prices
Where many people moved to find jobs during the Industrial Revolution Cities - Urbanization
Characteristics of cities during the Industrial Revolution Dirty, slums, tenement apartments, diseases, high crime, crowded, no heat
Characteristics of working conditions in factories during the Industrial Revolution Dangerous, long hours, little pay, women and children worked, dirty
The reasons labor unions were organized Better pay, better conditions, shorter working hours, benefits
The invention that allowed for mass production and caused prices of goods to drop Assembly line
The class of people created as the standard of living began to rise Middle class
Movements that developed in response to the poor living and working conditions Progressive and Populist
Characteristics of immigration to the United States during the Industrial Revolution Received low pay, often established their own section of the city
Stronger nation having political, economic, and social control over a weaker nation Imperialism
Idea that the West must "civilize" backward nations White Man's Burden
The reason a colony exists To benefit the colonial power
The reasons for imperialism The need for markets and natural resources
When the United States became an imperialistic power After the Spanish-American War
What nations did the US acquire Guam, Puerto Rico, Phillipines
American businesses fueled acquisition of what island Hawaii
The president with a "big stick policy" Teddy Roosevelt
Results of the "big stick policy" Building of the panama canal and US intervenes in Latin America
Imperialism result in Japan Japan became more modern to protect herself from imperialistic actions
Imperialism in China resulted in China separated into Spheres of Influence.
US policy with China Open Door Policy
Result of imperialism in Africa Civil wars today
WWI MAIN causes Militarism, alliances, imperialism, nationalism
Advanced (modern) weapons used during WWI Submarines, machine guns, tanks, planes, gas
Immediate cause of WWI Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand
Central Powers in WWI Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria
Allies in WWI Great Britain, France, Russia, US
Initial US involvement in WWI Neutral - sold supplies to both sides
Reason US entered WWI German unrestricted submarine war policy
Name of movement of African Americans moving north to find factory jobs during WWI Great Migration
President Wilson's plan for a lasting peace 14 point plan - not as harsh as Treaty of Versailles
Ended WWI, very harsh toward Germany Treaty of Versailles
The League of Nations was established to prevent further war. Reasons why it failed US did not join, had no real power to prevent a
Created by: mblondheim