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LOM CH 13 Review

Review for LOM 13 test

1st stage of cell Stem cell
2nd stage of cell erythroblast
3rd stage of cell normoblast
4th stage of cell reticulocyte
5th stage of cell erythrocytes
Thalassemia an inherited defect in the ability to produce hemoglobin, usually seen in persons of Mediterranean background
Pernicious anemia lack of mature erythrocytes caused by inability to absorb vitamin B12 into the body
Iron deficiency anemia deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin caused by lack of iron
Hemolytic anemia reduction in red blood cells due to excessive destruction
Aplastic anemia failure of red cell production due to aplasia of bone marrow cells
Hematocrit (Hct) percentage of erythrocytes in a volume of blood
White blood cell differential percentage of the total WBC made up by different types of leukocytes
Red blood cell morphology microscopic examination of a stained blood smear to determine the shape of individual red cells
Coagulation time time required for venous blood to clot in a test tube (less than 15 minutes is normal)
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) speed at which erythrocytes settle out of plasma
Myelopoiesis formation of bone marrow
Plateletpheresis removal of platelets from a donor's blood and used for a patient and the remainder reinfused into the donor
Spherocytosis abnormal condition of round shaped erythrocytes
Macrocytosis abnormal condition of large erythrocytes
Hemolysis destruction or breakdown of red blood cells
Neutrophilia an increase in neutrophils
Plasmapheresis the process of separating then removing plasma from the blood
A person with type B blood has ___antigens and ___antibodies in their blood B anti-A
Can you transfuse blood from an O type donor into a B type recipient Why/why not Yes Antibodies are diluted in the recipients blood
Can you transfuse blood from an AB type donor into a B type recipient Why/why not No Anti-A antibodies cause agglutination
When symptoms return from a disease where they had been gone is called relapse
Deficiency of all cellular elements of the blood pancytopenia
Relieving but not curing treatment for multiple myeloma palliative
Procedure when blood is collected then later refused back into a patient is called autologous transfusion
Test that determines number of types of leukocytes white blood cell differential
Foreign substance that stimulates the production of an antibody antigen
Hormone secreted by kidneys that stimulates formation of red blood cells erythropoietin
Microscopic examination of a core of bone marrow removed with a needle bone marrow biopsy
A clotting factor with calcium promotes the clotting factor thromboplastin
Plasma protein that maintains the proper amount of water in the blood albumin
Floating clot embolis
Failure of blood cell production due to aplasia of bone marrow cells aplastic anemia
An inherited defect in the ability to produce hemoglobin thalassemia
A hereditary condition characterized by abnormal sickle shape of erythrocytes and hemolysis sickle cell anemia
Reduction in red cells due to excessive destruction hemolytic anemia
Deficiency of iron in the blood sideropenia
Lab test where there is separation of the blood hematocrit
Ingestion of a bacterium by a neutrophil phagocytosis
Removal of leukocytes leukapheresis
An immature cell that comes immediately before a platelet is called megakaryocyte
Excessive increase in red blood cells erythremia or polycythemia vera
What is the normal average of white blood cells 4500 - 11000
A person who possesses type A & B antigens and no antibodies has what blood type Type AB
A person who possesses no antigens and A & B antibodies has what blood type Type O
Plasma minus clotting proteins and cells; Clear yellowish fluid that separates from blood when it is allowed to clot is called serum
Enzyme that helps convert fibrinogen to fibrin during coagulation is thrombin
Unspecialized cell that gives rise to mature specialized forms of blood cells stem cell
Liquid portion of blood plasma
What is contained in liquid portion of blood water, salts, proteins, nutrients, hormones, vitamins, and enzymes
A phagocyte with neutral-staining granules formed in bone marrow neutrophil
Antigen on red blood cells of Rh-positive individuals Rh-factor
Type of gamma globulin acts as an antigen immunoglobin
Plasma proteins importnat in clotting prothrombin, fibrinogen
Little body pertaining to blood corpuscle
Multiple pinpoint hemorrhages and accumulation of blood under the skin purpura
Disappearance of signs of disease remission
Time it takes for tiny puncture wound to clog and blood to stop flowing bleeding time
Orange-yellow pigment in bile bilirubin
Protein produced by lymphocytes in response to bacteria, viruses, or other antigens. Can be present at birth antibodies
Abnormal increase in granulocytes in the blood granulocytosis
Any abnormal or pathological condition of the blood blood dyscrasia
Change in structure and function of a cell as it matures; specialization differentiation
Cellular elements in blood are also called formed elements
Reaction between antigens and antibodies immune reaction
Hematology test to test the ability of blood to clot prothrombin time
Blood protein containing iron; carries oxygen in red blood cells hemoglobin
Plasma proteins contained in part of blood globulin
White blood cell formed in lymph tissue that is one large nucleus monocyte
Hemotology test that measures percentage of erythrocytes in a volume of blood hematocrit
Method of separating serum proteins by electrical charge electrophoresis
Blood clumps caused because of incompatible blood being mixed agglutination
Congenital lack of Factor VIII necessary for blood clotting hemophilia
Overproduction of Bence Jones protein, an immunoglobin fragment found in urine multiple myeloma
Excessive deposits of iron throughout the body hemochromatosis
Immature type of red blood cell reticulocyte
From the list of five conditions, which is NOT related to red cell morphology monocytosis
Anticoagulant found in blood and tissue cells herapin
Leukocytosis in an increase in the number of __________ in the blood leukocytes
White blood cell with reddish granules eosinophil
Pigment produced by the breakdown of hemoglobin when red blood cells die. Found in bile bilirubin
Protein threads that form the basis of a blood clot fibren
Separating out by electrical charge electrophoresis
Condition where erythrocytes are unequal in size anisocytosis
Condition where erythrocytes are irregular shaped poikilocytosis
The formation (production) of erythrocytes (red blood cells) erythropoiesis
Another word for clot coagulate
Which is NOT true concerning thrombocytes not involved in transporting oxygen
Increase in number of red blood cells polycythemia
Created by: dlhbears