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Tx his. 2010

Abolitionist – one who wants to abolish (end) slavery Absolute location – the exact position of a place (latitude and longitude) Agriculture – producing crops & raising livestock; ranching & farming Alcalde – chief official of a Spanish town Amendment executive, legislative, and judicial Sheriff – the chief law enforcement agent for the county States rights – the position that the federal (national) government should not interfere with the states’ exercise of their constitutional powers Subsiste
Abolitionist – one who wants to abolish (end) slavery Absolute location – the exact position of a place (latitude and longitude) Agriculture – producing crops & raising livestock; ranching & farming Alcalde – chief official of a Spanish town Amendment executive, legislative, and judicial Sheriff – the chief law enforcement agent for the county States rights – the position that the federal (national) government should not interfere with the states’ exercise of their constitutional powers Subsiste
Abolitionist – one who wants to abolish (end) slavery
Absolute location – the exact position of a place (latitude and longitude)
Agriculture –
Alcalde – chief official of a Spanish town
Annexation – to incorporate (add) a territory or county into another country
Archives – official government documents
Bill of Rights – series of laws in a constitution that protect specific rights of citizens
Blockade – to isolate an enemy by using troops or warships to prevent the passage of supplies & people
Bond –
Capital – city that is the seat of government
Capitol – a building where a legislative body meets
Cash crops – crops raised to make money
Centralism – belief that government power should be concentrated in the national government
Checks and balances – a system where each branch of government has the ability to limit the actions of the other branches
Civil rights – the rights of personal liberty guaranteed to the U.S. citizens by the Constitution & Congress
Colonization – a group of settlers from a distant land who settle a colony
Commissioner’s Court – the most important governing body in the county government; responsible for determining the budget, setting the property tax rate, and deciding how $ is spent
Confederacy – a union of people or groups
Conquistador – Spanish soldier who sought riches (gold) and power (glory) for themselves & Spain
Constitution – document that outlines fundamental laws & principles of law; describes the nature, functions, & limits of government
Convention – meeting of delegates of a political part to form policies & select candidates
Culture – the way of life developed by a group of people to satisfy its need
Democracy – government by the people; popular sovereignty
Dictator – a leader who controls an area through absolute power
Discrimination – to make distinctions in treatment; show prejudice
Elevation – the height of the land
Executive – having to do with the chief officer of a government; branch of government that enforces the law
Expenditures – money paid out
Federalism – type of government in which powers & duties between the states & national government are shared
Filibuster – an individual who carries out rebellious activities in a foreign country
Forbade – (forbid) prohibit; to prevent
Freedmen’s Bureau – government agency used to help freed slaves with clothing, food, shelter, jobs
Friar – member of Catholic religious order; Spanish priest
General election – major election held on the 1st Tue. after the 1st Mon. of Nov. in even-numbered years
Geography – the study of the aspects of earth & the people who live on it Human-Environment
Interaction – how people use, adapt to, or change their surroundings & how the physical environment often affects humans
Impeach – bring charges against (usually a government officials)
Independence – freedom the influence or control of others
Individual rights – Bill of Rights; a person’s freedoms or civil liberties
Judicial – having to do with the courts or law or the justice system; branch of government that interprets the law
Ku Klux Klan – (KKK) group who used violence & threats to prevent African Americans from voting
Legislature – elected officials who make the laws for the state
Liberty – freedom
Limited government – certain actions cannot be take; not all-powerful; the government & the leaders are limited to those powers given by the people
Manifest Destiny – the view that it was fated that the U.S. should expand its borders from coast to coast
Mestizo – a person of mixed blood (Spanish & Native American)
Migrate – to settle in another country or region
Mission – a religious settlement (Spanish church facility)
Monarchy – government with a hereditary ruler; king or queen
Nomadic – moving from place to place
Old Three Hundred – Austin’s original settlers to his 1st colony
Pardon – to excuse from punishment Petroleum – oil
Popular sovereignty – political power belongs to the people; democracy
Port – a city with a harbor where ships load & unload cargo
Precipitation – rain, sleet, snow, ice, dew
Presidio – a Spanish military outpost
Primary election – an election in which party members choose the party’s 1 candidate for the general election
Primary source – items that are known by first-hand experience or eyewitnesses
Rebellion – armed resistance to one’s government
Recognition – to acknowledge the status of a government
Reconstruction – the effort to organize the seceded states & bring them back into the Union; rebuilding the South after the Civil War
Region – an area that is unified by one or more common characteristics
Relative location – the location of a place in relation to other places
Republicanism – type of government where the citizens elect people to represent them
Reservation – government land reserved for the Native American population after forcing them off their land
Revenue – money that a nation or state collects
Secede - withdraw
Secondary source – items that are know second-hand; encyclopedia, internet, textbook
Sedentary – marked by such sitting; native groups that have learned to farm so they can stay in one place
Shaman – a person who is believed to have the power to cure the sick & forecast & control the future
Special election – election held to fill vacancies, approve local bond proposals, taxes, & amendments
Separation of Power – the term for the fact that the powers of government are divided into 3 separate branches: executive, legislative, and judicial
Sheriff – the chief law enforcement agent for the county
States rights – the position that the federal (national) government should not interfere with the states’ exercise of their constitutional powers
Subsistence crops – a crop grown to be used on the farm where it was raised
Suffrage – the right to vote
Tejano – a person of Mexican heritage who considers Texas as home
Territory – a part of a country that does not have full status
Union – another name for the U.S. or North during the Civil War
Vaqueros – a Spanish cowhand (cowboy)
1.Name the two reasons that the Native American culture decline in North America: a._War_ b._Disease_
2. Describe the Native American view on life in the Spanish missions: _refused mission life _
3. Was the Native American Plains culture nomadic or sedentary: nomadic
4. What three things were the Comanches known for: a. _nomadic = horse riding skills b. _hunting c. _war_
Pineda: 1519 2 1st European to map the gulf coast from Florida to Mexico without exploring the interior of Texas
Cortez: 1519 2 Conquered the Aztec Empire
Coronado: 1542 4 Sent by Viceroy Mendoza to look for Cibola
Cabeza de Vaca: 1528 3 Shipwrecked on Malhado (Galveston Island); Survived by adopting the ways of the Karankawa tribe and became a shaman
Columbus: 1492 1 Discovered the New World while looking for a new trade route to Asia
LaSalle: 1682 5 Explored the Mississippi River and named the area Louisiana after King Louis XIV; Built Fort St. Louis in Texas near Matagorda Bay 6.
What role did Stephen F. Austin have in colonizing Texas? Where was his first colony located?: brought the first Americans to Texas; first Anglo empresario of Texas; colony located between the Colorado and Brazos Rivers; “Old Three Hundred”
7. Describe Lamar’s view on education (including his nickname): _”Father of Education in Texas; wanted Texas to become a great nation and had to be educated in order to be successful
8. What was the significance and result of the Santa Fe Expedition during Lamar’s presidency?: Lamar sent an expedition to take control of the trading post at Santa Fe; needed this post in order to expand Texas westward; expedition was unsuccessful due t
9. Describe Sam Houston’s views on annexation as president of Texas and secession during the Civil War as governor of Texas.: Believed that the only way for Texas to be successful was to be a part of the U.S.; pushed for annexation during both terms as Pr
10. Describe Santa Anna’s role in the following events of the Texas Revolution?: a. Constitution of 1824 - _refused to follow; angered the Texas colonists b. Alamo - _Mexican commander; ordered the death of all the Texans inside c. Runaway Scrape – burn e
11. Father Hidalgo: Spanish priest who called for independence of Mexico from Spain
12. George C. Childress: _Wrote the Texas Declaration of Independence_
13. Anson Jones: _4th and last president of the Republic of Texas
14. Jefferson Davis: _President of the Confederacy_
15. Andrew Johnson: _17th U.S. President during the Reconstruction Era; first president to be impeached
16. Robert E. Lee: Confederate general during the entire Civil War
17. Abraham Lincoln: 16th U.S. President during the Civil War; 1st president to be assassinated
18. Ulysses S. Grant: U.S. general who defeated Robert E. Lee; accepted Lee’s surrender at Appomattox Court House_
19. Dred Scott: slave who sued for his freedom; Supreme Court said slaves were property not humans_
1519: Spanish exploration begins with Pineda along the coast and Cortez in Mexico
1718: Mission San Antonio de Valero is established
1803: France sales Louisiana Territory to the US (Louisiana Purchase)
1819: Adams-Onis Treaty is signed
1821: Mexico gains its independence from Spain; Anglos begin migrating to Texas
1836: Texas Declaration of Independence is written (March 2) The Battle of the Alamo (March 6) Texas gains Independence (April 21)
1845: Texas is annexed by the United States (December 29)
1846: Mexican/American War begins (ends in 1848)
1850: Compromise of 1850 (Texas borders are formed)
1861: Civil War begins
1865: Civil War ends
1876: Texas adopts the present day state constitution
1900: Great Storm hits Galveston, which caused the citizens to build a seawall
1901: Oil discovered at Spindletop, Beaumont
1. The executive branch can veto the laws passed by the legislative branch in the principle known as: checks and balances.
2. Texas has had: 7 constitutions.
3. The U.S. and Texas Constitutions are similar because they both have a :separation of power, which means they both have the following three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. These branches all have the right to over see the other two branc
4. The principle of sharing powers between the federal and state governments is called :federalism.
5. The principle of popular sovereignty establishes a government in which the :people rule, “We the People…”
1. When a governor vetoes a bill, the bill returns to the :legislative branch.
2. The Texas Education Agency is the name of the agency that serves as the administrative unit for :public education.
3. The legislative branches of the United States and of Texas both have legislatures composed two houses: a Senate and a House of Representatives.
1. Income tax provides revenue for the federal government, sales tax provides most of the revenue for state government, and property taxes provide the most revenue for local (city/county) governments.
2. The chief law enforcement official of the county is the :sheriff.
3. Supervising the police and fire departments and maintaining water and sewer service would be responsibilities of the :county government.
4. Texas has :254: counties.
5. Property taxes, fees for permits, and bonds are three sources of revenue for :city governments.
6. Political parties elect their candidates in :primary elections.
What 3 factors affect the climate of Texas?: a. Absolute location b. Relative Location c. Elevation_
Regions of Texas Be able to locate and identify the four main regions of Texas, which are:
1. Mountains and Basins_ 2. Coastal Plains 3. Great Plains 4. North Central Plains
1. The development of agriculture allowed Native Americans to have a more dependable food source and led to more :complex societies.
2. Nomadic tribes lived in :temporary housing and were constantly in search of food
Sedentary tribes lived in :permanent housing and farmed.
1. People migrate from the continent of Asia to present day Alaska across a :land bridge because they are following the herds as hunters.
Then they learn to acquire food through :farming.
Following this, Europeans arrive in :1492.
2. Coronado’s mission was thought to be a failure because he did not find any :gold.
3. After La Salle built Fort St. Louis, the Spanish reaction was to :(increase/decrease) colonization efforts in East Texas.
1. The Spanish established missions to convert and civilize :Native Americans.
2. Mission San Antonio de Valero was founded in :1718 and is known as the Alamo.
3. The first permanent settlement in Texas was :Corpus Christi de la Ysleta (El Paso).
4. The Spanish mission system begins in San Antonio as a :mid-way point to the east Texas missions. This begins in the year 1719.
5. The first Spanish mission in East Texas was :San Francisco de los Tejas.
6. The Spanish renewed their interest in East Texas when the Americans purchased :Louisiana Territory in 1803.
1. The Louisiana Purchase takes place in the year :1803 with the nation of France selling the Louisiana Territory to the nation of United States for $15 million dollars.
2. Spanish vaqueros, or cowhands, influenced the Texas ranching system with :practices, methods, and equipment such as lariats, chaps, and branding.
Created by: tinkywon