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Thoracic surgery ST

review for thoracic surgery test

posterolateral position situated on the side and toward the back
anterolateral position situated in front and to one side
smaller subdivisions of the lobes of the lung, separated from others by connective tissue and supplied by seperate branches of the bronchus leading to the particular lobe segments of the lung
secretions obtained from the bronchi for laboratory examination following injection and aspiration of small amounts of saline bronchial washings
mass of tissues and organs bound by the lungs on the sides and separating the sternum in front and the vertebral column behind mediastinum
congenital malformation of the chest wall characterized by a funnel-shaped depression of the lower end of the sternum and costal cartilages pectus excavatum
serous membrane enclosing the lungs and lining the walls of the thoracic cavity pleura
the space between two ribs intercostal space
an incision through or splitting of the sternum sternotomy
soft indentation along the midline immediately above the sternum suprasternal notch
well-defined portions of the lungs; the right lung has 3 and left lung has 2 lobes
accumulation of blood or fluid in the pleural cavity caused by rupture of small blood vessels, due to trauma or inflammation of the lungs in pneumonia, pulmonary TB, or a malignant growth hemothorax
abnormal accumulation of fluid in the intrapleural space pleural effusion
the maximum volume of air that can be expired from the resting expiratory level reserve air
the amount of air remaining in the lungs at the end of a maximum expiration residual air
the amount of air inhaled and exhaled during normal quiet breathing tidal air
direct visualization of the mediastinal space and lymph nodes by means of a lighted scope mediastinoscopy
direct visualization of the interior of the larynx through a lighted scope laryngoscopy
direct visualization of the tracheobronchial tree following insertion of a rigid or flexible lighted scope bronchoscopy
direct visualization of the esophagus and cardiac portion of the stomach by means of a lighted scope esophagoscopy
purpose of thoracic surgery to treat diseased tissue by resection or repair
which position is used for a median sternotomy incision? supine
which position is used for a full posterolateral thoracotomy incision? lateral
which position is used for anterolateral thoracotomy incision? modified supine
purpose of thoracic endoscopic procedures to observe periodically the effects of therapy
which incision is most often used for thoracic procedures? posterolateral thoracotomy incision
what would the median sternotomy incision be used for? thymectomy
which incision uses an inframammary incision form the anterior midline or sternal border to mid axillary line? anterolateral thoracotomy incision
what should be in the room as a special consideration of thoracic surgery? pre-op chest x-rays
what should always be ready as a special consideration of thoracic surgery? hemostatic agents
the excision of a small portion of lung tissue for diagnosis is ___? lung biopsy
insertion of a catheter through a very small incision in an intercostal space to establish a closed drainage system closed thoracostomy
excision of fibrinous deposits or restrictive membranes of pleurae that interfere with respiratory function decortication of the lung
sterile chest tubes with multiple openings on the end available in sizes from 16-36 French underwater drainage system
Pleuravac is the preferred drainage system b/c it is lighter, safer, and easier to use. it is a ___? compact disposable unit
in an open thoracotomy, the surgeon incises over selected ___? intercostal spaces
in an open thoracotomy, the periosteum is incised and freed from the ___? rib
what is used to incise the periosteum over the intercostal space? Doyen raspatory
in an open thoracotomy, the surgeon uses rongeurs or Sauerbruch rib shears to trim bone edges and then applies ___ for hemostasis bone wax
during an open thoracotomy, the surgeon uses wet laps to protect the wound from ___? retractor
in an open thoracotomy, retractors are inserted between the ___? ribs
following a thoracotomy, chest tubes are inserted into the ___? pleural space
pericostal sutures are held around 2 ribs with a ___? hemostat
the surgeon reapproximates periosteum and connects drains to a ___? closed drainage system
removal of the thymus gland thymectomy
thymectomy is performed to relieve symptoms of ___? myesthenia gravis
the approach used for a thymectomy is ___? median sternotomy
the repair of pectus ___ is the repair of a depression in the sternum and cartilage excavatum
excision of a small part from the periphery of a pulmonary lobe is ___ wedge resection
condition of the chest wall due to two or more rib fractures in which segments are not attached to the other end causing paradoxic movement during inspiration and expiration flail chest
Created by: bellajerrent429