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SBGR Metabolism

SBGR ALH 175 Nutrition/Metabolism (2012 LS)

thermoregulation Homeostatic maintenance of body temperature
convection Result of conductive heat loss
evaporation A movement of molecules from the liquid state to the gaseous state
gout Build up of insoluble uric acid crystals
ghrelin (GREL-in) Hormone secreted by the stomach, stimulates appetite
mineral Inorganic substance in nature
vitamin An essential organic nutrient that functions as a coenzyme in vital enzymatic reactions
emulsification The breakdown of large fat globules into smaller, uniformly distributed particles
lipase Breaks down triglycerides into monoglycerides and fatty acids
flatus Intestinal gas
catabolism The breakdown of complex organic molecules into simpler components, accompanied by the release of energy
anabolism The synthesis of complex organic compounds from simpler precursors
metabolism The sum of all biochemical processes under way within the human body at any moment; includes anabolism and catabolism
citric acid cycle The reaction sequence that occurs in the matrix of mitochondria
metabolites All the molecules that can be synthesized or broken down by chemical reactions inside the body
pepsin Secreted by the parietal cells to break down complex proteins
water-soluble vitamins Vitamins B and C
malnutrition Unhealthy state resulting from inadequate or excessive absorption of one or more nutrients
calorie The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1gram of water by 1 degree Celsius
complete protein Provide all essential amino acids in sufficient quantities
Created by: SBGrandRapids