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World Music 300

terms for world music final UW-RF

The basic property of ALL music is? sound
Because people organize sounds into music, we can say music is a form of? humanly organized sound
Music is a product of? human intention and perception
MUSIC is tied to? Western culture and its assumptions
What is ethnocentrism? Imposition of one set of culturally grounded perspectives, biases, and assumptions (e.g. Western) on peoples and practices of other cultures
What is diaspora? An international network of communities linked together by identification with a common ancestral homeland and culture.
What is musical syncretism? The merging of formerly distinct musical styles and idioms into new fors of musical expression
What are the FOUR basic properties of tone? Duration, Frequency, Amplitude, and Timbre
What is duration? Length of a tone; basis of rhythm in music.
What is frequency? Highness or lowness of a note; basis of pitch in music.
What is amplitude? Loudness of a tone; basis of dynamics in music.
What is timbre? Sound quality, or "tone color" what particular notes, instruments, or voices "sound like"
What is rhythm? Organization of sounds and silences in time
What is beat? Underlying pulse; fundamental unit of rhythmic organization
What is meter? Systematic grouping of individual beats into larger groupings; specific pattern of grouped beats
What is tempo? Rate at which the beats pass in music
What is musical dynamics? Range of dynamic levels (levels of loudness) in a musical work or performance
What is syncopation? An accent or other note that falls inbetween main beats
What is an accent? Notes in music that are given special emphasis, usually by being played loude than other notes surrounding them
What is free rhythm? Refers to music in which there is no discernible beat or meter
What is pitch? A subjective sensation in which a listener assigns perceived tones to relative positions on a musical scale based primarily on the frequency of vibration
What is melody? A sequence of pitches that defines the identity of a song or other piece of usic as it unfolds; a "tune." Every melody has distinctive features including range, direction, character, and contour.
What is harmony? A chord that "makes sense" within the context of its musical style
What is monophonic? Musical texture that consists of a single melodic line
What is polyphonic? Is a texture consisting of two or more independent melodic voices
What is heterophony? Is a type of texture characterized by the simultaneous variation of a single melodic line
What does polyrhythmic mean? Music in which there are several different parts or layers, with each defined by its distinctive rhythmic character rather than by melodies or chords
What are microtones? Tiny pitch inverals, as found in the pitch systems of Middle Easter, Indian, and other music tradtions that recognize more than the 12 divisions of the octave identifiend with Western chromatic scale
What are chordophones? Instruments in which the sound is activated by the vibration of a sting or strings over a resonating chamber (e.g. guiar, violin, piano)
What are aerophones? Instruments in which the sounds are generated from vibrations created by the action of air passing through a tube or some kind of resonator (e.g. flute, trumpet, didjeridu, human voice)
What are membranophones? Instruments in which the vibration of a membrane (natural or synthetic) stretched tightly across a frame resonator produces the sound (e.g. drum)
What are idiophones? Instruments in which the vibration of the body of the instrument itself produces the sound (e.g. shaker, cymbal, xylophone)
What are electrophones? Instruments that rely on electronic sound generation/modification to produce their timbres
What is musical texture? Refers to the relationships and interactions between the different parts and elements in a musical work or performance
What is ostinato? A short, recurring musical figure; may be reapeated exactly or with variations as the music unfolds.
What are layered ostinatos? "Stacking" of two or more ostinatos one atop the other
Created by: atrottier