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Nutrition: Ch. 7

The Nutrients

compounds in food that the body requires for proper growth, maintenace, and funstioning. Nutrients
too little of one or more nutrients in the diet; a form of malnutrition. Nutrient Deficiencies
the results in the body of poor nutrition; undernutrition, ovenutrition or any nutrient deficiency. Malnutrition
too little food energy or too few nutrients to prevent disease or to promote growth; a form of malnutrition Undernutrition
too much food energy or excess nutrients to the degree of causing disease or increasing risk of disease; a form of malnutrition Overnutrition
Two Servings Milk, yogurt and cheese group. Meat, fish, dry beans and nuts group. Fruit Group.
Three Servings From: Vegetable group
Six Servings From: bread, cereal, rice, and pasta group.
a class of nutrients made of sugars; these nutrients include sugar, starch and fiber. All but fiber provide energy. Carbohydrates
a class of nutrients that does not mix with water. Fat is mostly of fatty acids. which provide energy to the body. Fat
a class of nutrients that builds body tissues and supplies energy. Protein is made of amino acids. Protein
essential nutrients that do not yield energy, but that are required for growth and proper functioning of the body. Vitamins
elements of the earth needed in the diet, which preform many functions in the body tissues. Minerals
the capatirty to do work or produce heat. Energy
the body's blood sugar; a simple form of carbohydrate. Glucose
simple forms of fat that supply energy fuel for most of the body's cells. fatty acids
simple forms of protein normally used to build tissues or, under some conditions, burned for energy amino acids
a poison toxin
units used to measure energy. Calories indicate how much energy in a food can be used by the body or stored in body fat Calories
the form in which the liver and muscles store glucose glycogen
a brain regulatory center. hypothalamus
a meal with foods to provide the right amount of carbohydrates, fat and protein balanced meal.
the breaking down of food into nutrients the body can use. digestion
a carboydrate, the main food energy source of humans starch
indigestable substances in foods, made mostly of carbohydrates. fiber
carbohydrates found both in food and in the body. sugars
hard, slow stools that are difficult to eliminatel often a result of too little fiber in the diet. constipation
swollen, painful rectal veins; often a result of constipation hemorrhoids
the last part of the digestive tract, throught which stools are eliminated rectum
a popular term referring to foods that contribute too much energy (calories) but too little of the nutrients empty calories
concerning fats and helath, those fats associate strongly with heart and artery disease; mainly fats from animal sources saturated
concerning fats and health, fats less associated with heart amnd arety disease, mainly fats from plant sources unsaturated
a type of unsaturated fat, useful as a replacement for saturated fat in a heart-healthy diet. polyunsaturated
a type of fat made by the body from saturated fat; minor part of fat in foods cholesterol
units of weight in which nutrients are measured grams
amino acids that are needed but cannot be made by the body, must be eaten in foods essential amino acids
people who omit meat, fish, poultry for their diets vegetarians
a pill, powder, liquid or the like containing oly nutrients not food suppplement
too little of a nutrient in the body, Severe deficiences cause diseases deficiency
a chemist's team meaning "able to dissolve in fat" fat-soluble
able to dissolve in water water-soluble
slow recovery of vision after flashes of bright light at night. Vitamin A deficiency. night blindness
a chemical that can stop the destructive chain reactions of free radicals. Antioxidant
an orange vegetable pigment that the body can change into active form of vitamin A. beta-carotene
chemicals that harm the body's tissues by starting destructive chain reactions in the molecules of the body's cells. free radicals
a disease of gradual bone loss. which can cripple people later in life. Osteoporosis
reduced number or size of the red blood clls anemia
minerals essential in nutrition, needed in small amounts daily. Iron and Zinc are examples electrolytes
a compound made of minerals that in water dissolve and form electrolytes salt
high blood pressure hypertension
fluid wastes removed from the body by the kidneys urine
Created by: phillisrussell