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Health Ch 9

Pregnancy and Birth

_______ is a hormone that helps the uterus to shrink after birth? Oxytocin
The work of pushing the fetus out is called? Labor
The six week period after the birth is called? Postpartum period
___________ is the surgical method of birth. cesarean section
Name the organ that holds the embryo to the wall of the uterus. Placenta
Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy describes ___________? Morning sickness
Mental retardation caused by mother's use of alcohol during pregnancy. Fetal alcohol syndrome
Name the hormone that indicates pregnancy. Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)
What is a fertilized egg called? Zygote
_________ is the structure that carries nutrients and oxygen to the embryo. Umbilical cord
Pregnancy is divided into three periods known as ________. Trimesters
Identical Twins are defined as? Two siblings that develop from the same fertilized egg.
When a picture of a developing fetus is taken using high-frequency sound waves, it is called? Ultrasound
The developing embryo or fetus is enclosed in a bag of thin tissues called the ____________. Amniotic sac
Another name for conception is ______________. Fertilization
What expenses do new parents have? Food, clothing, shelter, medical care, child care.
Name two ways that infertile couples can become parents. Adoption and Foster
What kinds of disorders are detected by amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling? Inherited diseases
How does smoking harm the fetus? Can cause premature delivery, slow growth, and low birth weight.
The legal procedure in which a child is taken into a family is? Adoption
A term used to describe medical care during pregnancy is? Prenatal care
The actual birth of the baby is know as? Delivery
An ______________ pregnancy is where the blastocyst becomes implanted in the fallopian tube. Ectopic
High blood pressure, protein in the urine, and swelling are symptoms of what pregnancy issue? Toxemia
Stage ______ of labor is the longest. One
Why is premature birth dangerous? Underdeveloped lungs make it difficult for the baby to breathe
Name two adjustments that parents face during the postpartum period. Fatigue and irritability
Any method of preventing pregnancy is called? Contraception
The inability to have biological children is called? Infertile
__________ is the procedure that includes the removal of a small amount of amniotic fluid from around the fetus and is used for testing. Amniocentesis
What is a developing embryo called from the end of the second month of pregnancy until birth called? Fetus
__________ is part of the developing placenta. Chorion
_______________ is a procedure in which a small piece of the developing placenta is removed and examined for signs of inherited disorders in the fetus. Chorionic Villus sampling
After the blastocyst attaches itself to the wall of the uterus is is called an? Embryo
The process by which the bastocyst is attached to the wall of the uterus is called? Implantation
__________ is the scale that rates a newborn's heart rate, breathing, muscle tone, ability to react to a stimulus, and skin color. Apgar score
___________ twins develop from two eggs fertilized by two sperm. Fraternal
Same-sex twins develop from the same fertilized egg and have identical inherited traits. Identical
Define Miscarriage. The expulsion of a dead zygote, blastocyst, embryo, or fetus from the uterus.
The delivery of a live fetus before it is ready to be born is called. Premature birth
____________ is the hormone that causes milk to form in the breasts. Prolactin
Rh negative means what? Blood does not contain the Rh factor.
Rh positive Blood that contain the Rh factor.
Created by: iVisKei