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MA100 Kami 1-2

Medical Terminology Chapter 1 & 2

aden/o gland
carcin/o cancer
cardi/o heart
chem/o chemical
cis/o to cut
dermat/o skin
enter/o small intestine
gastr/o stomach
gynec/o female
hemat/o blood
hydr/o water
immun/o immune
laryng/o voice box
morph/o shape/form
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
ophthalm/o eye
ot/o ear
path/o disease
pulmon/o lung
rhin/o nose
ur/o urine
anti- against
auto- self
brady- slow
dys- painful, difficult
endo- within
epi- upon
eu- normal, good
hetero- different
homo- same
hyper- over, above
hypo- under, below
infra- under, beneath, below
inter- among, between
intra- within, inside
macro- large
micro- small
neo- new
pan- all
para- beside, beyond, near
per- through
peri- around
post- after
pre- before
pseudo- false
retro- backward, behind
sub- below, under
super- above, excess
supra- above
tachy- rapid, fast
trans- through, across
ultra- beyond, excess
bi- two
hemi- half
mono- one
multi- many
nulli- none
poly- many
quad- four
semi- partial, half
tri- three
uni- one
-algia pain
-cele hernia, protrusion
-cise cut
-cyte cell
-dynia pain
-ectasis dilation
-gen that which produces
-genesis produces, generates
-genic producing, produced by
-ia state, condition
-iasis abnormal condition
-ism state of
-itis inflammation
-logist one who studies
-logy study of
-lysis destruction
-malacia abnormal softening
-megaly enlargement, large
-oma tumor
-osis abnormal condition
-pathy disease
-plasia development
-plasm formation
-ptosis drooping
-rrhage excessive, abnormal flow
-rrhea discharge
-rrhexis rupture
-sclerosis hardening
-stenosis narrowing
-therapy treatment
-trophy nourishment, development
-centesis puncture to withdraw fluid
-ectomy surgical removal
-ostomy surgically create an opening
-otomy cutting into
-pexy surgical fixation
-plasty surgical repair
-rrhapy suture
-gram record or picture
-graph instrument for recording
-graphy process of recording
-meter instrument for measuring
-metry process of measuring
-scope instrument for viewing
-scopy process of visually examining
cardiomalacia softening of the heart
gastrostomy creating an opening into the stomach
rhinoplasty surgical repair of the nose
hypertrophy overdevelopment
pathology study of disease
adenoma gland tumor
gastroenterology study of stomach and small intestine
otitis ear inflammation
hydrotherapy water treatment
carcinogen that which produces cancer
abdomin/o abdomen
adip/o fat
anter/o front
brachi/o arm
caud/o tail
cephal/p head
cervic/o neck
chondr/o cartilage
crani/o skull
crur/o leg
cyt/o cell
dist/o away from
dors/o back of body
epitheli/o epithlium
glute/o buttock
hist/o tissue
infer/o below
later/o side
medi/o middle
muscul/o muscle
organ/o organ
oste/o bone
pelv/o pelvis
peritone/o peritoneum
pleur/o pleura
poster/o back
proxim/o near to
pub/o genital region
somat/o body
spin/o spine
super/o above
system/o system
thorac/o chest
ventr/o belly
vertebr/o vertebra
viscer/o internal organ
AP anteroposterior
CV cardiovascular
ENT ear, nose, and throat
GI gastrointestinal
GYN gynecology
lat lateral
LE lower extremity
LLQ left lower quadrant
LUQ left upper quadrant
MS musculoskeletal
OB obstetrics
PA posteroanterior
RLQ right lower quadrant
RUQ right upper quadrant
UE upper extremity
Created by: kamiwhynot