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Describe Patronage. A job, promotion, or contract given for political reasons rather than for merit or competence alone
What was the Pendelton Service Act? Act that created a federal civil service so that hiring and promotion would be based on merit and not patronage
When was the Pendleton Service Act passed? In 1883
Describe Civil Service. A system of hiring and promotion based on the merit principle and the desire to creat a non partisan government service
What is the Merit Principle? The idea that hiring should be based on entrance exams and promotion ratings to produce administration by people with skill and talent
What was the Hatch Act? A federal Law prohibiting government employees from active participation in partisan politics
What does the Office if Personal Management (OPM) in charge of? Hiring for most agencies of the federal government
What is the General Schedule or GS Rating? a schedule for federal employees, ranging from GS1-GS18, by which salaries can be keyed to rating and experience
What is the Senior Executive Service (SES)? An elite cadre of about 9,000 federal government managers, established by the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978, who are mostly career officials but include some political appointees who do not require Senate confirmation
Describe bureaucracy according to Max Weber. A hierachical authority structure that uses task specialization, operates on the merit principle, and behaves with impersonality.
Explain the Weberian Model of Bureaucracy. Higher authority gets more recognition and less work. Lower authority gets less recognition and more work.
What is the plum book and who appoints them? A book that Congress publishes which lists top federal jobs available for direct presidential appointment, with Senate approval.
Does the bureaucracy mirror the demographics? Yes and No. Women, minorities and the poor are not equally represented in the bureaucracy, but they try to as much as they can
Explain the Garbage Can Model Ideas for solving problems are thrown around and choosen from
According to the text, What is the largest Budget Cabinet department? The Social Security Administration
Explain an aqusitive, monopolistic bureaucracy Maximizes budgets and expands powers while being the sole supplier of some key good
How many cabinet departments are there? 14
How are cabinet secretaries choosen? By the president, with approval by the Senate
What are independent regulatory agencies responsible for? they are responsible for some sector of the economy, making and enforcing rules designed to protect the public interest
Who governs independent regulatory agencies? a small commission appointed by the president and approved by the senate for fixed terms
What are government corporations? Like private corporations.provide aservice that can be handled by the private sector2) charge for the service usually at a lower rate
Give 3 examples of Government corporations. Tennessee Valley Authority, United States Postal Service, Amtrak
What are independent executive agencies? The rest of the government (not including cabinet departments, regulatory commissions)
What is policy implementation? the stage between establishment of a policy and the results of the policy for individuals
What are the 3 elements of policy implementation? 1)creation of a new agency or assignment of a new responsibility to an old agency2) translation of policy goals into operational rules an development of guidelines for the program3) coordination of resources and personnal to acheive the intended goals
Why do well intended policies sometimes fail? program design, lack of clarity, lack of resources, administrative routine, administrators disposition
Was the voting rights act of 1965 effective policy implementation? Explain yes. its goals were clear and there were adequate means to achieve those goals
what is regulaton? the use of governmental authority to control or change a practice in the private sector
What are other names for bureaus? service, office, administration
What are also known as iron triangles? subgovernments
the federal bureaucracy has ____ in size relative to the population it serves shrunk
When was the Interstate Commerce Commission created? 1887
What are the positives of Standard Operating Procedures? they save time, bring uniformity to complex organizations, makes personnel interchangable, creates routines and normalcy
What are the negatives of Standard Operating Procedures? routines creat "red tape", violations and repairs never corrected
Studies have found that most Americans feel what about bureaucrats? generally sastifaction
Created by: serbpuppy7