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First Aid Vien Tran

what are the 3 C’s for first aid Check,Call,care
When to move a pt When you are faced with immediate dangerWhen you have to get to another ptYou aren’t able to provide proper care
Good Samaritan Law Gives legal protection to people who give emergency care to an injured person.
Infection Control Avoid contact with victim’s body fluidsRemove jewelry before giving careAvoid touching mouth, nose, or eyes when giving first aidWear protective clothing
Triage a method of prioritizing treatment.
First aid Immediate care given to a victim of an injury of illness to minimize the effects of the injury or illness
Shock an inadequate supply of blood to body organs, especially the brain and heart
Causes: of shock hemorrhage excessive painInfection heart attackEtc …
Anaphylactic Shock Hypersensitive or allergic reaction
Cardiogenic cause Damage to heart muscle from heart attack or cardiac arrest
Hemorrhagic Severe bleeding
Metabolic Loss of body fluid from severe vomiting, diarrhea, or a heat illness. Disruption in acid-base balance.
Neurogenic Injury and trauma to brain and/or spinal cord.
Psychogenic Emotional distress such as anger, fear, or grief.
Respiratory Respiratory distress or arrest
Septic Acute infection
General Treatment of Shock: Keep the victim lying flat on the back ELEVATE feet 12 inches Cover the patient to prevent chilling or exposure to the coldNPO - NO eating or drinking Control bleeding
Wound involves injuries to soft tissue, usually classified as open or closed
Abrasion this type of wound the skin is scraped off
Incision a cut or injury caused by a sharp object
Laceration involves the tearing of tissue by way of excessive force
Puncture caused by a sharp object such as a pin or nail. Risk of tetanus infection likely!!
Avulsion when tissue is torn or separated from the victims body
Amputation when a part of the body is cut off
Treatment for Closed Wounds Elevate the injured body party if it does not cause more painApply ice or a cold pack (place a gauze pad or towel on the skin first)Call 911 if the pt complains of severe pain
Treatment for Open Wounds OpenWear gloves Place sterile dressing on wound
Burn an injury that can be caused by fire, heat, chemical agents, radiation, and/or electricity.
Superficial (1st degree) burn least severe type of burn
Partial thickness (2nd degree)burn Involves injury to the top layers of the skin (epidermis and dermis)
Allergic Reactions Caused by the activity of the immune system
Symptoms for allergic reaction Hives, itching, rashWeaknessNausea and or vomitingDizzinessDyspneaHypotensionShock
Treatment call 911
Heat Cramp Muscle pain and spasm resulting from exposure to heat and inadequate fluid and salt intake
Heat Exhaustion Condition resulting from exposure to heat and excessive loss of fluid through sweating
Heat Stroke Life threatening emergency caused by prolonged exposure to heat
Sprain Tearing of ligaments at a joint
Fracture Complete break, chip or crack in a bone
Dislocation Movement of a bone or joint away form the normal position
Strain Stretching or tearing of muscles or tendons
Created by: Vien