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MMTC Med Term Ch12

Miller Motter Technical College Medical Terminology Ch12

abdomin/o, celi/o, lapar/o abdomen
an/o anus
appendic/o appendix
bil/i, chol/e bile
bucc/o cheek
cheil/o lip
col/o, colon/o colon
cyst/o bladder or sac
dent/i teeth
doch/o duct
duoden/o duodenum
enter/o small intestine
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
gingiv/o gum
gloss/o, lingu/o tongue
hepat/o, hepatic/o liver
herni/o hernia
ile/o ileum
inguin/o groin
jejun/o jejunum (empty)
lith/o stone
or/o, stomat/o mouth
pancreat/o pancreas
peritone/o peritoneum
phag/o eat or swallow
proct/o anus and rectum
pylor/o pylorus (gatekeeper)
rect/o rectum
sial/o saliva
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon (resembles)
steat/o fat
-emesis (suffix) vomiting
oral cavity,mouth cavity that receives food for digestion
salivary glands three pairs of exocrine glands in the mouth that secrete saliva: the parotid, the submandibular (submaxillary), and the sublingual glands
cheeks lateral walls of the mouth
lips fleshy structures surrounding the mouth
palate structure that forms the roof of the mouth; divided into the hard palate and the soft palate
uvula small projection hanging from the back middle edge of the soft palate
tongue muscular structure of the floor of the mouth covered by mucous membrane and secured by a band
gums tissue covering the processes of the jaws
teeth hard bony projections in the jaws for masticating (chewing) food
pharynx throat; passageway for food traveling to the esophagus and for air traveling to the larynx esophagus
stomach sac
cardiac sphincter opening from the esophagus to the stomach
pyloric sphincter opening from the stomach into the duodenum
small intestine smaller tubular structure that digests food received from the stomach
duodenum first portion of the small intestine
Jejunum second portion of the small intestine
Ileum third portion of the small intestine
Cecum first part of the large intestine
Colon portions of the large intestine extending from the cecum to the rectum; identified by direction or shape
ascending colon portion of the colon that extends upward from the cecum
transverse colon portion of the colon that extends across from the ascending cecum
descending colon portion of the colon that extends downward from the transverse colon
sigmoid colon portion of the colon (resembling an “S” in shape) that terminates at the rectum rectum
anus opening of the rectum to the outside of the body
defecation evacuation of feces from the rectum
peritoneum membrane surrounding the entire abdominal cavity and consisting of the parietal layer (lining the abdominal wall) and the visceral layer (covering each organ in the abdomen)
peritoneal cavity space between the parietal and visceral peritoneum
liver organ in the upper right quadrant that produces bile, which is secreted into the duodenum during digestion
gallbladder receptacle that stores and concentrates the bile produced in the liver
pancreas gland that secretes pancreatic juice into the duodenum, where it mixes with bile to digest food
biliary ducts ducts that convey bile; include the hepatic, cystic, and common bile ducts
Anorexia loss of appetite (orexia = appetite)
Aphagia inability to swallow
Ascites accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity (ascos = bag)
Buccal in the cheek
Diarrhea frequent loose or liquid stools
Constipation infrequent or incomplete bowel movements characterized by hardened, dry stool that is difficult to pass
Dyspepsia indigestion
Dysphagia difficulty in swallowing
Eructation belch
Flatulence gas in the stomach or intestines (flatus = a blowing)
Halitosis bad breath (halitus = breath)
Hematemesis vomiting blood
Hepatomegaly enlargement of the liver
Hyperbilirubinemia excessive level of bilirubin (bile pigment) in the blood
Icterus, jaundice yellow discoloration of the skin, sclera, and other tissues caused by excessive bilirubin in the blood
Melena dark
Nausea feeling sick in the stomach
Steatorrhea feces containing fat
Sublingual,hypoglossal under the tongue
Cheilitis inflammation of the lip
esophageal varices swollen, twisted veins in the esophagus that are especially susceptible to ulceration and hemorrhage
esophagitis inflammation of the esophagus
gastritis inflammation of the stomach
gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) backflow of contents of the stomach into the esophagus, often resulting from abnormal function of the lower esophageal sphincter, causing burning pain in the esophagus
gingivitis inflammation of the gums
pyloric stenosis narrowed condition of the pylorus
stomatitis inflammation of the mouth
colitis inflammation of the colon (large intestine)
diverticulum an abnormal side pocket in the gastrointestinal tract; usually related to a lack of dietary fiber
enteritis inflammation of the small intestine
hemorrhoid swollen, twisted vein (varicosity) in the anal region
hernia protrusion of a part from its normal location
ileitis inflammation of the lower portion of the small intestine
intussusceptions prolapse of one part of the intestine into the lumen of the adjoining part
cholangitis inflammation of the bile ducts
cholecystitis inflammation of the gallbladder
choledocholithiasis presence of stones in the common bile duct
cholelithiasis presence of stones in the gallbladder or bile ducts
cirrhosis chronic disease characterized by degeneration of liver tissue; most often caused by alcoholism or a nutritional deficiency
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) endoscopic procedure including x
colonoscopy examination of the colon using a flexible colonoscope
laparoscopy examination of the abdominal cavity with a laparoscope for diagnostic purposes and/or to perform surgery
cholangiogram x-ray image of the bile ducts; often performed during surgery
cholecystogram x-ray image of the gallbladder obtained after oral ingestion of iodine
EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy
ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
Created by: evinsmc