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Quick and Easy Med Term Ch 15

Parathyroid glands located near the thyroid
Gigantism A condition that is caused by increased secretion of growth hormone during childhood in which a person reaches an abnormal stature
myx/o mucus
pineal gland attached to the posterior part of the brain
hyposecretion a general term that means diminished release of a chemical substance by a gland
hypothyroidism decreased thyroid activity
hyperinsulinism excessive secretion of insulin
androgen a substance that produces or stimulated the development of male characteristics
goiter a swelling in the front part of the neck that results from enlargement of the thyroid gland
adrenal the gland that lies above the kidney
endocrine glands generally secrete their hormones into the bloodstream
pituitary the gland that is called the master gland
acromegaly A disorder caused by hypersecretion of growth hormone and resulting in abnormal enlargement of the extremities, including the nose, jaw, fingers and toes.
pancreas Gland that secretes insulin
diabetes mellitus a disorder that results from inadequate production or use of insulin
hormones A general term for chemical substances that are discharged into the bloodstream and used in some other part of the body
hypoparathyroidism A term for decreased activity of the parathyroid glands
exopthalmus protrusion of the eyeballs (hyperthyroidism)
Islets of Langerhans clusters of cells within the pancreas that perform an endocrine function
polyuria increased urination (many urines)
hyperparathyroidism increased activity of the parathyroid glands
estrogen an important female sex hormone that is made by the ovaries and acts on the female genitalia
glycosuria sugar in the urine
target organ The term for the organ or structure toward which the effects of a hormone are directed
hypersecretion A general term that means increased release of a chemical substance by a gland
hypoglycemia abnormally low blood sugar
dwarfism A disease caused by hyposecretion of growth hormone during childhood
adenoma tumor of a gland
myxedema A condition resulting from hypofunction of the thyroid gland and characterized by a dry, waxy swelling of the skin
hyperglycemia increased blood sugar
sudoriferous gland structure that is not an endocrine gland (sweat gland)
cortisone A hormopne that is made by the adrenal glands and is important in the regulation of body metabolism
euthyroid normal thyroid function
polydipsia increased thirst
cretinism A condition caused by congenital deficiency of thyroid secretion and marked by arrested mental and physical development
insulin An important therapeutic intervention for type 1 diabetes mellitus
diabetes insipidus A disorder associated with a deficiency of antidiuretic hormone or inability of the kidneys to respond to this hormone
exocrine glands glands that open onto a body surface and discharge their secretions through ducts are collectively called exocrine....and example is sweat gland
Created by: MrsSlagter