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The Urinary System *

Chapter 10

QuestionAnswer
The urinary system is compose of: kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra
functions of the urinary system are: remove wastes from the bloodstream, produce urine, maintain homeostasis
What other organs help in the elimination of waste products lungs, intestinal tract, and sweat gland
kidneys two bean-shaped organs that lie below the diaphragm
nephrons filtering units of the kidneys
renal artery artery that supplies blood to the kidney
glomerulus capillaries in the kidney that filters the blood
renal pelvis (part of the kidney)funnel for urine coming from the kidney into the ureter
ureters tubes that extend from the kidneys to the bladder that urine passes through
stretch-receptor nerve cells in the bladder wall that send a message to the brain when the bladder is full
urination process of emptying the bladder of its content
How much urine does an average adult produce? 1.5 quarts every 24 hours
What is the color of normal urine? straw colored and clear
frequency the need to urinate often
urgency an immediate need to urinate
nocturia waking at night to urinate
urinary incontinence inability to control urination (resident with neurological disease or injury has no control over their urination)
indwelling catheter a tube inserted intot he bladder that drains urine into a collection bag
calculi stones in the kidney or bladder.
Death will usually occur if resident loses () of the total body fluids. 1/5
voiding or passing urination
emesis vomiting
hemorrhage bleeding
fluid balance eliminates about the same amount of fluid that is taken in
symptoms of edema or fluid retention swelling of feet, ankles, face, hands, fingers. Weight gain. Collection of fluid in abdomen and lungs. Decreased urine output
dehydration when fluid output is greater than fluid intake
early signs of dehydration fatigue, weakness, lethargy, dizziness, headache
late signs of dehydration thirst, decreased urine output, dry skin with reduced elasticity, parched or cracked lips and tongue
central line catheter placed into the atrium of the heart
Should you discard vomiting or draingage before the nurse look at it? Never
hydrometer glass tube that holds the urine and measuring device that reads the urine temp.
calibrated marked with graduations, like on a thermometer
dialysis use of machine that performs the fucntions of the kidney
excess fluids may do what? damage the kidney and the heart by increasing their workload
indwelling catheter is also know as a Foley catheter
reflux urine flow back inot the bladder from a draginage bag
What should you call diapers? use the terms briefs, underwear, or underpantsclean catch
clean catch urine that is not contaminated by anything outside the body
midstream catching the urine between the time the residen begins to urinate and the time urination stops
functional incontinence a type of incontinence that results from the resident's inability to perform the activities necessary to go to the toilet independently
Created by: Tiffastic on 2006-03-16



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