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ch 17 cont

med term

breast self-examination a procedure in which the woman examines her breasts and surrounding tissue for evidence of any changes that could indicate the possibility of malignancy
endometrial biopsy is an invasive test for obtaining a sample of endometrial tissue (with a small curet) for examination
dilation and curettage dilation or widening of the cervical canal with a dilator, followed by scraping of the uterine lining with a curet' also temed D&C
culdocentesis the surgical puncture through posterior wall of the vagina into the cul-de-sac to withdraw intraperitoneal fluid for examination
loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) a procedure used to remove abnomral cells from the surface of the cervix using a thin wire loop that acts like a scapel. a painless electrical current passes through the loop as it cuts away a thin layer of surface cells from the cervix
laparoscopy the process of viewing the abdominal cavity with a laparocsope(a thin walled flexible tube with a telescopic lens and light)
hysterosalpingography x-ray of the uterus and the fallopian tubes by injecting a contrast material into these structres
papanicolauo (Pap) smear a diagnostic test for cervical cancer; that is, microscopic examination of (Pap test) cells scraped from within the cervix (endocervix) from around the cervix and from the posterior part of the vagina to test for cervical cancer;also called Pap test
mammography the process of examining with x-ray the soft tissue of the breast to detect various benign and/or malignant growths they can be felt
pelvimetry the process of measuring the female pelvis, manually or by x-ray, the determine its adequacy for childbearing
pelvic ultrasound a noninvasive procedure that uses high-frequency sound waves to examine the abdomen and pelvis
liquid-based Pap (LBP) a process of collecting a tissue sample form the endocervix and the exocervux with a sampling device that is placed directly into a liquid fixative instead of being spread onto a glass slide
colposcopy visual examination of the vagina and cervix with a colposcope
cone biopsy surgical removal of a cone-shaped segment of the cervix for diagnosis or treatment; also known as a conization
cryosurgery the destruction of tissue by rapid freezing with substances such as liquid nitrogen
stress incontinence, urinary the inability to hold urine when the bladder is stressed by sneezing, coughing, laughing or lifting
asporation biopsy an invasive procedure in which a needle is inserted into an area of the body, such as the breast, to withdraw a tissue or fluid sample for microscopic examination and diagnosis
vaginitis inflammation of the vagina and the vulva
fibrocystic breast disease the presence of single or multiple fluid-filled cysts that are palpable in the breasts
fibroid tumor a benign, fibrous tumor of the uterus
leiomyoma a benign, smooth muscle tumor of the uterus. Uterine leiomyomas are often mislabeled as fibroid tumors, when in fact they are not
ovarian carcinoma a malignant tumor of the ovaries, most commonly occurring in women in their 50's. it is rarely detected in the early stage and is usually far advanced when diagnosed
ovarian cysts benign, globular sacs(cysts) tat form or near the ovaries. these cysts may be fluid filled or they may contain semisolid material
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) infection of the fallopian tubes; also known as salpingitis
cystocele herniation or downward protrusion of the urinary bladder through the wall of the vagina
endometrial carinoma malignant tumor of the inner lining of the uterus;also known as adenocarcinoma of the uterus
endometriosis the presence and growth of endometrial tissue in areas outside the endometrium (lining of the uterus)
cervical carinoma a malignant tumor of the cervix. cervical cancer is one of the most common malignancies of the female reproductive tract. Symptoms include; an abnormal Pap smear and bleeding between menstrual periods, after sexual intercourse, or after menopause
Created by: Courtne