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Exceptional Child 1

Special Education

IDEA 1990 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act...any disabilities are granted extra rights (braille elevators ramps etc)
Brown vs Board of Education 1954 Topeka Kansas "separate cannot be equal"
assistive technology 2004 any item or piece of equipment used to increase, maintain, or improve functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities ex: nerf ball, pencil grip, computer, pilates ball
Section 504 PL93-112 1973 handicapped shall not be excluded, denied, discriminated against under any program or activity which receives or benefits from federal financial assistance. Applies to public sectors, ex: ramps at restaurants, curbs. No federal funds given.
Disability any condition that substantially limits a major life activity, such as learn in school. Broad...anxiety, gifted, impaired
ADHD 1. predominantly inattentive 2. predominantly hyperactive and impulsive
I.Q. Bell Curve 90-109 average...70-79**borderline**does not qualify for special ed. 69 or lower extremely low qualifies for special ed.
ADHD Only a Dr. can diagnose 1. age of onset of symptom no later that 7. 2. symptoms present in at least two environments. 3. causes distress or impairment in social, academic, occupational functioning. 4. not another psychiatric disorder
TBI Traumatic Brain Injury. acquired by external forces resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment or both that adversely affects a child's education performance
EI Emotionally impaired. 1. inablility to learn not caused by intellectual, sensory, or health factors 2. inability to build or maintain relationships. 3. inappropriate types of behavior 4 unhappy, depressed 5 physical fears with personal or school problems
Articulation disorders unable to express oneself easily in clear and effective language. wabbit for rabbit. Sdts w/ lang dis have difficulty following direction, understanding abstract concepts, seeing relationships between concepts, understanding humor and figurative language
Metalinguistics *Understanding that language is a coe for representing sounds, words, and ideas. Use modeling and wait time.
Autism must have documented features in 3 areas. impairments in social interaction, communication, delayed before age 3, stereotypical behavior
Pre-lingually deaf hearing loss before language acquisition 2-3 years old. This significantly affects language development.
Deaf Culture *don't look at it as a disability, accept it as part of who they are
TBI behaviors *lowered social inhibition & judgment, faulty reasoning, lower impulse control, overestimation of abilities, depression, agitation and irritability, fatigue, numerous cognitive processing abilities
Intellectual Functioning 50-75 mild retardation, 70-75 significantly sub average (likely to have in the classroom)
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome characteristics *small, slow development, small eyes, maybe drooping eyelid, lower part of face flat, mild-moderate retardation, very short attention spans, hyperactivity, poor coordination
Post-natal causes of retardation *lead poisoning - lead paint chips (banned in 1978), brain injury
(EI) Conduct Disorder *covert behavior, overt behavior
Depression feeling dejected, interferes wit life functioning, refuses to go or fears school or other public places, chronic complaining about eating or sleeping
Managing Student Behaviors *Foster positive attitudes, create a caing instructional environment conducive to learning, respect the student, state rules in a positive way using students' input
Reinforcers *Social: positive phone calls, verbal praise. Activity: extra recess, extra computer time. tangible: stickers, prizes. Token economy, peer-mediated approaches, trust and respect
ESEA Elementary and Second Education Act 1965 free and reduced lunches
IDEA--IDA Individualized education program. a plan developed to meet the special learning needs of the disabled student - must be written, implemented, and reviewed.
Learning disabled overall IQ must be average or above with one or two deviations below average
Created by: Sharlene Day