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Medterm test 2-pt2

flexion act of bending or condiction of being bent
ganglion cystic tumors developing on tendon or aponeurous
hallux big toe
hallux Valgus hammer toe, angulation of big toe away from body
hypophosphatemia phosphates below normal in blood
hypertrophy increase in size of an organ which does not involve tumor formmation
intertrochanteric of fracture located between the two trochanters of femur
trochanter 2 processes below neck of femer
keratosis horny growth, a condiction of skin formation of horny growth
lordosis abnormal anteroir convexity of spine
lumbrosacral pertaining to the lumbar vertebrae and sacrum
palsy temporary or permanent loss of sensation of movement
orthopedic or orthopaedic medicine of locamotion of body
paraplegia paralysis of lower part of body and both legs
poliomyelitis inflammation of the grey mater of spinal cord
pronation the act of lying prone or face down
prone face down
prosthesis replacing of a missing part with artifical subsitute
quadriplegia paralysis affecting all four limbs
reduction restoring to normal position
rheumatoid resembling acute or chronic condictions of soreness/stiffness of muscle/joint
sacroiliac pertaining to the sacrum and ilium
supination act of lying flat on back
subcutanrous beneath the skin
synovectomy excision of the synovial membrane
synovitis inflammation of synovial membrane
syntonic pertaining to a personality marked by even temperment
tendosynovitis inflmmation of the sheath of tendon or tendon
tendinitis inflammation of a tendon
masticate to chew
anticholinergic impeding the actions or impulses of fiber of the parasympathetic nerves
anorexia loss of appetite
anastomosis surgical or pathological formation of a passage between any two normally distincted spaces or organ
antrectomy excision of the walls of a antrum
antrum cavity
alkalosis condition which the alkalinity of the body tends toincrease beyond normal
acidosis disturbance in the acid-base balance of body; increase in acid and a decrease in bicarbonate
achalasia failure to relax, as in muscles not relaxing after contraction
borborygmus a gurgling, splashing sound heard in large intestine caused by flatus
cathartic an active purgative, usually causing several bowel movement
defecation evacuation of the bowels
dishiscence a bursting open, as an abdominal wound
distention state of being stretched out or inflated
diverticulum sac or pouch n walls of canal or organ
dyspepsia imperfect digestion
dysphagsia inability or difficulty in swallowing
edema condiction of body tissues containing excessive amounts of fluid
emesis vomiting
eructation belching
flatus intestinal gas
flatulence excessive amounts of intestinal gas
hyperemesis excessive vomitting
hyperemia congestion. an unusal amount of blood in part
hyperkalemia excessiver amounts of potassium in blood
hyopnatremia extreme sodium depletion in blood
hypocalcemia abnormally low blood calcium
hypochondriac region part of abdominal regoin beneath lower ribs
inguinal hernia hernia in groin region
inguinalis pertaining to the groin
intolerence inability to endure or incapacity for bear pain
jaundice condiction characterized by yellowness of skin, eye due to deposition of bile pigment
lesion an injury or wound or infected patch on skin
malaise discomfort, uneasiness, often a sign of disease
malnutrition lack of neccessary of proper food substances in body
megacolon extremely dilated colon
melena evacuations resembling tar, due to action of intestinal juices of free blood
mucosal concerning any mucous membrane
necrotic relating to death of a portion of a tissue
perirectal extending around the rectum
polymorphonuclear possing a nucleus consisting of several parts or lobes connected by fine strands
pruritus severe itching
pylroplasty operation to repair pylorus
pyrosis a burning sensation in epigastric and sternal region with raising of acid liquid from the stoma
reflux a return or backward flow
steotorrhea fatty stools; seen in pancreatic diseases
tenesmus spasmodic contraction of anal or vassical sphincter with pain and persistant desire to empty bowels
analgesia ansence of normal sense of pain
antitussive an agent that prevents or inhibits coughing
aphonia inability to produce speech sounds from larynx
arthralgia pain in a joint
atelectasis a collapse or airless condition of lung
bradycardia slow heart action
cardiac palpitation rapid, violent throbbing or fluttering of heart
convulsion paroxysms of involuntary muscular contractions and relax
cyanosis bluish discoloration of skin due to presences of a reduced amount of hemoglobin in blood
dysphagia inability or difficulty swallowing
dilate expand
diaphoresis profuse sweating
emphysema a condction in which the alveoli of lungs become distended or rupture
spitaxis nosebleed
expectorant to expell mucus or phlegm from throat or lungs
febrile feverish
hemoptysis expectoration og blood due to hemorrhage from respiratory system
hepatosplenomegaly enlargement of both liver and spleen
intrathoracic within the thorax
hyperventilation hyperpnea; increased inspiration and expiration
hypotension decrease of systolic and diastolic blood pressure
hypoxia anoxia, lack of adaquate amount of oxygen
lymphadenopathy disease lymph nodes
mediatinum a septum between two principle portion of an organ
oliguria diminished amount of urine formation
peritonsillar absecess quinsy. formed from bacteria amd omflammation og the tonsillar area
serosanquinous containing or of nature of serum and blood
sputum pertaining to loud breathing producing snoring sound
achycardia abnormal rapidity of heart action
thrombus a blood clot
tracheostomy surgical opening in trachea
tracheotomy surgical opening in trachea
vasoconstriction causing constriction of blood vessel
pleural the cavity membrane around the lung
laryngectomy surgical removal of a larynx
apnea cassation of breathing
hyperpnea an inceased respiratory rate, deeper then usual
dyspnea air hunger resulting in difficulty breathing
oligopnea infrequent respirations
tachypnea abnormal rapidity of respiration
orthopnea respiration condition in which there is discomfort in breathing in any position but the erect
pyothorax pus in pleural cavity
thoracalgia pain in the chest wall
thoraotomy surgical incision of the cheat wall
rhinitis nose congestion, swolllen and inflammaed
laryngectomy removal of larynx
pleurisy inflammation of the serous membrane that enfolds lung
thoracodynia thoracalgia; sharp pain in chest
thoracobrnchotomy incision through the chest wall into the bronchus
thoracomyodynia pain in chest muscle
pneumohemothorax gas or blood collected in peural cavity
tracheorrhagia hemorrhage of the trachea
intubation to insert a tube
bronchiecstasis dilation of a bronchus
pulmonory edema edema in lungs
rhoncus rales or rattling
bronchoscopy examination of bronchi
Created by: kelso571