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med termiology terms

Nervous System

Somno Sleep
somnolent asleep
Nervous System consists of Brain, Spinal Cord, Nerves
Central Nervous system (CNS)consists of Brain, spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous system (PNS)- pair of what? 12 pairs of cranial nerves 31 pairs of spinal nerves
Ganglion knot-like mass of nerve tissue outside of CNS
Afferent nerves sensory - carries impulses from body to CNS
Efferent nerves motor - carries impulses from CNS to muscles and glands
Dendrites brand out of cell body like trees. Sends impulses toward cell body. Where stimulus begins.
Synapse space between axon of neurons and dendrites of the next. Tells you to move.
aphasia inability to communicate
dysphasia difficult speech
gyrus one of the folds on the brain. plural - gyri
hypothalmus controls temperature, sleep and appetite.
syncope fainting
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) weakening and wasting of muscle groups.Begins with hands and travels up and then to legs. Caused by decreased nerve innervation of the muscle groups.
anencephaly no brain or spinal cord at birth. congenital.
Bell's Palsy unilateral weakness or paralysis of the facial muscles. Causes - trauma, unknown infection or tumor.
carpal tunnel syndrome pinching or compression of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel due to inflammation and swelling of the tendons. Pain greatest at night.
cerebrovascular accident (CVA) stroke
epilepsy Seizure
Multiple sclerosis (MS) degenerative inflammatory disease of the CNS. Attacks myelin sheath in the spinal cord and brain leaving it sclerosed or scarred. Interrupts the flow of nerve impulses
Nerves bundles of dendrites and axons that travel together.
ganglioneuroma tumor of nerve tissue outside the brain.
Parkinson's disease Degenerative. Deterioration of nerves in the brain stem's motor system. Gradual onset of symptoms.
Meningocele Swelling or herniation of the meninges. Cyst-like sac covered with skin or thin membrane protruding through the bony defect in the vertebrae containing meninges and CFS.
meningomyelocele hernia of spinal cord and meninges.
ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
MS multiple sclerosis
CVA cerebrovascular accident - stroke
Peripheral Nervous System consists of -- Afferent (sensory) and Efferent (motor). Nerves and Ganglion.
Created by: kjlange