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Vocab for Chapter 16

Myers 7th Edition - Chapter 16 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Psychological disorder A "harmful dysfunction" in which behavior is judged to be atypical, disturbing, maladptive, and unjustifiable.
Medical model The concept that diseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and, in most cases, cured. When applied to psychological disorders, the medical model assumes that these "mental" illnesses can be diagnosed on the basis of their symptoms.
Bio-pyscho-social perspective A contemporary perspective which assumes that biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors combine and interact to produce psychological disorders.
DSM-IV The American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fourth Edition), a widely used system for classifying psychological disorders. Presently distributed in an updated "text revision" (DSM-IV-TR)
Neurotic disorder A psychological disorder that is usually distressing but that allows one to think rationally and function socially.
Psychotic disorder A psychological disorder in which a person loses contact with reality, experiencing irrational ideas and distorted perceptions.
Anxiety disorder Psychological disorders characterized by distressing, peristent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety.
Generalized anxiety disorder An anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal.
Panic disorder An anxiety disorder marked by minutes-long episode of intense dread in which a person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking, or other frightening sensations.
Phobia An anxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object or situation.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder An anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and / or actions (compulsions).
Mood disorders Psychological disorders characterized by emotional extremes.
Major depressive disorder A mood disorder in which a person, for no apparent reason, experiences two or more weeks of depressed moods, feelings of worthlessness, and diminished interest or pleasures in most activities.
Manic episode A mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimist state.
Bipolar episode A mood disorder which the person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania.
Dissociative disorders Disorders in which conscious awareness becomes separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings.
Dissociative identity disorder A rare dissociative disorder in which of person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities.
Schizophrenia A group of severe disorders characterized by disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and actions.
Delusions False beliefs, often of persecutions or grandeur, that may accompany psychotic disorders.
Personality disorders Psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning.
Antisocial personality disorder A personality disorder in which the person (usually a man) exhibits a lack of conscience for wrongdoing, even toward friends and family members. May be aggressive and ruthless or a clever con artist.
Created by: shellenberger on 2006-03-03



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