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Concept Dis. Ch.15

Respiratory System

smallest vessels in the lungs, where air exchange occurs alveoli
air can enter, but not escape, the pleural cavity describes tension pneumothorax
maximum volume of air that can be forcefully expelled after a maximum inspiration vital capacity
atelectasis is usually immediately treatable through removal of obstruction or compressing material
coughing, elevated white blood cell count, fever, & chest pain are all manifestation of pneumonia
Pneumocystis Pneumonia primarily affects immunocomprimised persons
pneumothorax & necrosis are characteristics of Tuberculosis
tuberculosis skin test identifies T cells
only effective treatment of bronchiectasis involves surgery
can impair both the efficiency of gas exchange and the ventilation of the lungs chronic obstructive lung disease
Bronchial asthma results from the _____ of the bronchial muscle spasm
lung trauma, gastric aspiration, toxic gas, & shock are all causes of adult respiratory distress syndrome
pulmonary fibrosis most commonly results from lifelong exposure to silica dust & asbestos
has a poorer diagnosis than most types of cancer lung carcinoma
one of the terminal air sacs of the lung alveolus
type of pneumoconiosis caused by inhalation of asbestos fibers asbestosis
collapse of the lung atelectasis
collapse of the lung,caused by bronchial obstruction obstructive atelectasis
collapse of the lung, caused by external compression compression atelectasis
dilatation of bronchi caused by weakening of their walls as a result of infection bronchiectasis
one of the small terminal subdivisions of the branched bronchial tree bronchiole
one of the large subdivisions of the trachea bronchus
type of pneumonia caused by an airborne bacterium called Legionella pneumophila Legionnaires disease
small group of terminal bronchioles and their subdivisions lung lobule
multiple foci of tuberculosis throughout the body as a result of bloodstream dissemination of tubercle bacilli from a primary focus in the lung or peribronchial lymph nodes miliary tuberculosis
maximum volume of air that can be expelled from the lungs in one second one-second forced expiratory volume
mesothelial covering of the lung and chest wall pleura
mesothelial covering of the lung visceral pleura
mesothelial covering of the chest wall parietal pleura
occupational lung disease caused by inhalation of injurious substances such as rock dust pneumoconiosis
inflammation of the lung pneumonia
accumulation of air in the pleural cavity pneumothorax
functional unit of the lung consisting of a cluster of respiratory bronchioles, alveolar ducts, and alveoli derived from a single terminal bronchiole. respiratory unit
respiratory unit is another term for acinus
type of occupational lung disease caused by inhalation of rock dust silicosis
lipid material secreted by alveolar lining cells that facilitates respiration by decreasing the surface tension of the fluid lining the pulmonary alveoli surfactant