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poli sci test 1

Globalization the increasing interdependence of citizens and nations across the world
National sovereignty a political entity’s externally recognized right to exercise final authority over its affairs
Public goods benefits and services that benefit all citizens but are not likely to be produced voluntarily by individuals
Political equality equality in political decision making: one vote per person, with all votes counted equally
“original dilemma” freedom vs. order
Political ideology a consistent set of values about beliefs about the proper purpose and scope of government
Capitalism the system of government that favors free enterprise (privately owned businesses operating without government regulation)
Liberals those who are willing to use government to promote equality but not order
Universal participation th concept that everyone in a democracy should participate in governmental decision making
Referendum an election on a policy issue
Declaration of Independence drafted by Thomas Jefferson, the document that proclaimed the right of the colonies to separate from Great Britain
“unalienable rights” life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
Limited government the biggest goal of the revolutionaries in forming a new government
Articles of Confederation the compact among the 13 original states that established the first government of the US; did not give the federal government power to tax
New Jersey Plan a set of nine resolutions that would have preserved the Articles of Confederation instead of replacing them
Great compromise allowed for 2 houses: one by population and the other with equal representation, submitted by CT
Veto when the President checks Congress
Supremacy the clause of Article VI of the Constitution that asserts that national laws take precedence over state and local laws when they conflict
Anti-federalists this group did not want the Constitution without a Bill of Rights
Marbury v. Madison the case in which the Supreme Court established judicial review
Dual federalism a view that holds the Constitution as a compact among sovereign states, so that the powers of the national government are fixed and limited
Implied power those powers that Congress requires in order to execute its enumerated powers
Terrorism premeditated politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by sub-national groups or clandestine agents
Commerce clause 3rd clause of Article 1, Section 8 of the Constitution that gives Congress the power to regulate commerce among the states
Preemption the power of Congress to enact laws by which the national government assumes total or partial responsibility for a state government function
George W. Bush’s Administration during this the power of the national government increased, due to terrorist attacks
Cooperative federalism a view that holds that the Constitution is an agreement among people who are citizens of both state and nation, so there is little distinction between state powers and national powers
McCulloch v. Maryland case that established implied powers of the national government
Great Depression since this the federal government has been favored over the states
Block grant a grant-in-aid awarded for general purposes, allowing the recipient great discretion in spending the grant money
Public opinion the collected attitudes of citizens concerning a given issue or question
Political socialization the complex process by which people acquire their political values
Political participation actions of private citizens by which they seek to influence or support government and politics
Direct action unconventional participation that involves assembling crowds to confront businesses and local governments to demand a hearing
Supportive behavior actions that express allegiance to government and country
Contacting behavior this is more likely to be done by rich people with a higher SES
NIMBY ”Not In My Back Yard”
Suffrage the right to vote, also called the franchise
15th, 19th or 26th Amendment gave the right to vote to: people of all color, women, 18+
Direct primary a preliminary election, run by the state government, in which the voters choose each party’s candidates for the general election
Largest religious category in U.S. Protestant
Men vs. Women men favor the death penalty and oppose government programs
Political knowledge people who are educated about politics are just as likely to be liberal or conservative
the internet provides a method of communication, a new venue for traditional print media, used by a substantial portion of the public
Private ownership of the media makes our country dependent on advertising in the media
Equal opportunities rule requirement that a broadcast station must make available equal amounts of time under the same conditions for opposing candidates
Information leaks these are usually from government offices to test the public opinion on an issue
Freedom of the press mass media argues for this even if it comes at the expense of order
Education vs. voter turnout more educated people are more likely to vote than less educated
Voter turnout the decline in _____ is due to the fact that people think voting does little/no goog
Push poll a question attempting to change voters minds. example: if you knew ______ beat his wife, would you vote for him?
Scott Brown Senator from MA, changed the #of Dem/Rep in the Senate
Equality of opportunity the idea that each person is guaranteed the same chance to succeed in life
Socialism a form of rule in which the central government plays a strong role in regulating existing private industry and directing the economy, although it does allow for some private ownership of productive capacity
Representative democracy a system of government where citizens elect public officials to govern on their behalf
Confederation a loose association of independent states that agree to cooperate on specified matters
Implied powers the powers of the national government that are not specifically written out
States’ rights the idea that all rights not specifically conferred on the national government by the Constitution are reserved to the states
Horse race journalism election coverage by the mass media that focuses on which candidate is ahead rather than on national issues
Conventional participation relatively routine political behavior that uses institutional channels and in acceptable to the dominant culture
Unconventional participation relatively uncommon political behavior that challenges or defies established institutions and dominant norms
Restraint a requirement laid down by act of Congress prohibiting a state or local government from exercising a certain power
Initiative a procedure by which voters can propose an issue to be decided by the legislature or by the people in a referendum
Socioeconomic status position in society, based on a combination of education, occupational status and income
Self-interest principle the implication that people choose what benefits them personally
Social contract theory the belief that the people agree to set up rulers for certain purposes and thus have the right to resist or remove rulers who act against those purposes
Influencing behaviors behaviors that seek to modify or reverse government policy to serve political interests
Categorical grant a grant-in-aid targeted for a specific purpose by formula or by project
Progressivism a philosophy of political reform based on the goodness and wisdom of the individual citizen as opposed to special interests and political institutions
Created by: 169800057