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East Asia is made up of what 6 countries? Japan, North Korea, South Korea, Mongolia, China and Taiwan.
South East Asia is made up of what 6 countries? Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines
South Asia is made up of what 4 countries? India, Bhutan, Pakistan, Nepal
What % of the world lives in Asia? 60%
What 2 countries have populations over 1B? China and India
Largest democracy in world? India
What is the birth rate in Japan? 1.2
What is the birth rate in SW/SE Asia? 4
What is the birth rate in China? 1.8 but it's supposed to be 1 according to the "One-Child Policy"
What is the most important identifying factor in most Asian cultures? Family
What is filial piety? Respect for one's elders
The population density is sparse in what areas in Asia? Rural villages and farms
The population density is dense in what areas of Asia? City-states and urban sprawls
What is an example of a city-state? Singapore
What is an example of a urban sprawl? Shanghai
What has accelerated the rural-to-urban migration? Industrialization and globalization
What is a huge problem in India and China(and most of Asia)? The accelerated rural-to-urban migration
What causes a labor surplus in farm regions? Mechanization or technology
Many migrants don't have either of these things? jobs and housing
Describe the vast economic disparity in Asian cities. Sweat shops and slums to high-tech and high-finance cities offer 'more' due to globalization
What are three historically important products that have come from Asia? gunpowder, silk and paper
Who was ahead in the 1980's: China or Japan? China>Japan
Europe first came to Asia along the Silk Road about 2,000 years ago for what? European colonization
When did Marco Polo traveled to Asia? 1270's
15th century exploration occurred during what 'age'? The Renaissance and Reformation ages
What 4 countries had colonized most of Asia by 1900? Britain, France, the Netherlands and Portugal
What 4 contributing factors resulted in the end of colonization? 1)Europe weak in early 20th century(WW1) 2)rise of Japan as 'great power status 3)anti-colonial sentiment
What are the top 3 religions in Asia? Hinduism, Islam and Buddhism
What are 4 popular philosophies in Asia? Zen, Confucianism, Daoism and Shinto (the latter two are nature centered)
What is the only nation in Asia that has Christianity as it's most popular religion? Philippines
What religion began in India and diffused to China, Korea and Japan? Buddhism
According to their governments, China, Vietnam and North Korea are mostly made up of what religious group? Atheists
What important kind of fundamentalism is alive in many Asian countries? Islamic fundamentalism, or more properly put, Muslim fundamentalism since it is about the individual and not the religion
What has been a key issue surrounding North Korea? Nuclear proliferation
What is a term used for North Korea? 'Axis of Evil' (a Bush term...so many opinions, not enough time)
What does M.A.D. stand for? Mutually assured destruction
In most of rural Asia who or what is in control? The tribes or villages, not the government. Water and natural resources play big role.
What natural disasters plague N Korea and Bangladesh? Famine/drought followed by flood every year
What disaster killed about 25,000 and left about 750,000 homeless in Gujarat,India? An earthquake in 2001
What disaster caused 300,000 people to either be killed or go missing in SE Asia? A tsunami on Dec 26th, 2004
What occurred in Kobe Japan in 1995? A massive earthquake
Japan was the first Asian country to do what? Develop modern cities and manufacture on a large scale
What is keiretsu? part of the economic boom in the 1980's, it is a set of companies with interlocking business relationships and shareholdings. We discussed vertical manufacturing and distribution networks
The avg GDP-ppp per caipity is around what value? $4,500
Who has the highest ($49,000) GDP-PPP in Asia? Singapore, HKG and Japan close behind
Who has the lowest ($1,000) GDP-PPP in Asia? N Korea
What 3 attributes help China and India to stay in the world market? cheap labor, natural resources and their workers are developing skill and education quickly
What does Japan have going for it (economically speaking)? a more skilled labor force
What two areas are both 100% urban, highly educated and developed? HKG and Singapore - due to Westernization
What is the staple agriculture product in Asia? Rice, and it is revered (don't dip rice side of sushi in sauce, it gets it 'dirty')
Despite migration and globalization, the majority of Asians are what? Farmers
What is the capital of the People's Republic of China [PRC]? Beijing
Early civilization in Asian dynasties flourished because of advances in what? Arts and sciences
During the 19th and 20th centuries the dynasties faced what? civil unrest, famine, military defeats and occupation
What was built in Asia during the 3rd century for protection? The Great Wall of China
In 1949, what was the political situation in China? Communism prevailed under MAO and pro-democracy nationalists fled to Taiwan (ROC)
Who was the Communist dictator in 1949 in China? MAO Zedong
ROC not part of UN and in what year did the US 'cut' diplomatic ties with them? 1979 but we still have cultural and commercial relations
In PRC, the harsh dictatorships have led to what? millions die as a result of poor economic and agricultural centralized planning (all right Okies, stop planting wheat, start planting pineapples)
In 1978, who cam into power in China? DENG Xiaoping
DENG did what for China? implemented market-oriented reforms - 'one china, two systems' - decentralized economic decision making
DENG's changes caused what? Economic output soared but political control was tight
How does size versus population measure up in the US versus China? China is slightly larger than the US but has 1B more people
What % of the population of China live in rural areas and engage in agriculture? 64%
The official religion of China is Atheism, however, what are actually the most popular philosophy and religion in China? Daoism and Buddhism
What is the climate like in China? Very extreme, has both tropical and subarctic areas
What % of the Chinese are Han Chinese? 92%
What language is the Chinese govt trying to standardize? Mandarin
What are 6 environmental issues in China? Air pollution, clean water shortages, deforestation, desertification, econ development and land loss due to soil erosion
Out of the 20 most polluted cities in the world, how many are in China? 16/20, or 80%
The Three Gorges Project is located where? The Yangtze River
What does the Three Gorges Project entail and what are the goals? multiple new dams along the Yangtze River to raise level for shipping, generate power and offer flood control
Who is the president(head of state) elected for the National People's Congress? HU Jintao
Who is the Head of Government (nominated by President)? Premier WEN Jiabao
The National People's congress (the most powerful branch is comprised of what kind of people? The NPC is run ONLY by communists and faces virtually NO political opposition (publicly, at least)
The student-led pro-democracy protest in 1989 was called what? The Tiananmen Square uprising, or The Tiananmen Square Massacre
What has caused a 1,000% increase in China's GDP? economic reforms, including increased foreign trade and investment
In PPP, China is the 2nd largest economy behind which country? The US who has a PPP of $8T
What is the GDP per capita in China? $6,200
The hybrid system of capitalsim and socialism in China equals what? Vast bureaucracy (non-efficient and expensive + vast income disparities and unemployment - mixed results
How big is the labor surplus in China? ~100M
What 2 things do the Chinese govt struggle with? 1) job creation (millions laid off from state-run factories, migrants, new entrants) 2)corruption 3) social strife and environmental damage due to rapid economic growth
What are the incentives with the One-Child Policy? increases living standard and free heath care and education for those in compliance
What is the negative aspect of the One-Child Policy? it directly and negatively affects human rights
How much of China's exports go to the US? 20%
What is the trade balance between the US and China? The US has a -$260B trade balance w/China
SEZs( Special Economic Zones) like Shenzhen are what? Capitalist enclaves
What do capital enclaves offer? the promote investment through tax incentives and reduce tariffs
The most successful Chinese companies aren't 'Chinese', instead what happens? MDCs outsource production to China
What is the stance on intellectual property in China? Intellectual property and patent/copyright violations are issues in China
What is the population of Japan? 127M
What is the capital of Japan? Tokyo
Where were the US atomic bombs dropped in 1945? Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Japan began a 250 year period of isolation in what year? 1603 and the local culture flourished
What is shogunate? A military dictatorship that ruled over Japan for centuries
Who opened Japan up to western modernization and industrialization in 1853? US Commodore Matthew Perry
What was the Meiji Restoration? after 1868 the Japanese sent men worldwide on fact finding missions and then blended the knew found techniques of knowledge and technology with own culture
Early in the 20th century Japanese became a regional power after defeating who? Russia and China
What did the Japanese empire in the early 20th century need to build? raw materials, security and superiority
When did Japan launch a surprise attack against the US at Pearl Harbor? Dec7, 1941 """"and need to look up why""""
Post-WWII under what agreements did the US aid Japan? Japan couldn't develop their military sector except for a Self-Defense Force and we are now political allies
Who is the emperor in the Japanese royal family and who is the Prime Minister? Emperor Akihito and Prime Minister Hatoyama
Where does the real power rest in Japan? Not with the Emperor or the Prime Minister but instead with the networks of powerful politicians, bureaucrats and business executives
What is the bicameral diet in Japan? the Legislative branch, makes rules
How does the size versus population measure up in the US versus Japan? Japan has 4% of the land mass that the US does, and about 40% of the population
The ethnicity in Japan is 99% Japanese, why? it is a very homogeneous culture, biracial marriage is frowned upon
What % of the population is over 65 years old in Japan? +22% so a very large portion and a declining population
Japan is ranked what in the world of economy? Japan has the 3rd largest world economy and competes against US for global market share
What is the keiretsu system? a powerful alliance of Japanese businesses often linked by cross-shareholding (vertical, not horizontal like in US)there's a lot of govt+industry cooperation
What has helped Japan's unprecedented economic growth in 1960s, 70s and 80s? workers have strong work ethic and are loyal to companies due to a tradition of lifetime employment
What % of Japanese exports go to the US? 25%
Japan has very few natural resources which means what? Most raw materials and fuels are imported, agriculture sector is highly subsidized and protected and they are self-sufficient in rice
Where is Japan 'situated' that might cause a natural disaster? Japan is located along the Pacific 'Ring of Fire' and has many volcanoes and earthquakes - Mt. Fuji, a volcano, is the highest point
What % of Japanese observe Shintoism &/or Buddhism? 84%, but they are not very involved in either
What is one of the reasons they have such a high suicide rate among young adults and teenagers? Japan has a very brutal educational system; extremely rigorous testing controls admission to higher education
What are some examples of the intense social structure? The wife/office girl, the 'salaryman', the 'kid' - it's a high-income society with meager lifestyles
What 4 future problems must Japan overcome? 1) an aging population 2) business reform 3)resource scarcity 4) pending labor deficit (no immigration, declining population)
Created by: 58702460