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Immunologic and Rheumatologic

AIDS Progressive impairment of the immune system caused by HIV
Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC) Persistent and recurrent fungal infections of the skin, nails, and mucous membranes due to T cell deficit specific to the candida virus.
System lupus erythematosus (SLE) The cause is unknown but is thought to be an autoimmune disorder. The blood contains unusual antibodies that target tissues of the body causing chronic inflammation
Sjogren syndrome Most patients are female. The cause of the disease is unknown but is thought to have a genetic component. It causes inflammation of various glands of the body.
Rheumatoid arthritis Heredity may predispose a person from developing this condition. It can also be triggered by a viral infection. It is chronic inflammatory systemic disease affecting joints causing deformity and disability. It is the most severe form of arthritis.
Ankylosing spondylitis this is a systemic, progressive inflammatory disease of the spinal column. It is more common in men than in women.
Polymyositis A disease involving inflammation of the muscle fibers. It occurs when WBCs spontaneously invade muscles. The muscles mostly affected are those closest to the turnk. It is a chronic disase that is characterized by "flares" and "relapses."
Multiple sclerosis (MS) This is an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system causing scarring and debilitation of the nerves. While the cause is unknown, a common theory is that the virus causes the immune system to turn on itself and attack the myelin of brain, spine
Myasthenia gravis This disease affects mainly women between 20 and 40 years of age and men over the age of 60. It is chronic progressive neuromuscular disease thought to be the result of faulty transmission of nerve impulses to and from the CNS
Systemic necrotizing vasculitis Affects primarily medium and large vessels. Inflammation and necrosis of the blood vessels develop the etiology of how this occurs is not clear
Kawasaki disease Condition that causes inflammation in the walls of the artheries throughout the body. It is called mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome due to its influence on the skin, lymph nodes, and mucous membranes in the nose, mouth, and throat.
Polymyalgia rheumatica condition that causes aching and stiffness of the muscles around the shoulders, neck, and hips. This usually resolves by itself, even if not treated, in 1 to 4 years
Fibromyalgia Chronic condition characterized by tenderness of muscles and tender points, along with pain, body aches, sleeping problems, fatigue, anxiety, depression, and other symptoms. It can be difficult to diagnose.
Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs when the median nerve becomes pressed at the wrist causing pain. This is caused by repetitive motion, injury, and inflammatory types of arthritis.
Osteoarthritis Most common type of arthritis caused by progressive deterioration of the cartilage in joints.
Kaposi sarcoma Cancerous condition associated with AIDS
Enterobiasis Due to bites from an adult wood tick or adult dog tick
Rickettsia Migration to the lungs may cause pneumonitis
Trichinosis Oral-fecal by contact is the mode of transmission
Ascariasis The human host has ingested uncooked or undercooked pork or bear meat
Lyme disease caused by a bacterium known as Borrelia burgdorferi, carried by a tick
Created by: TinaW