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classifications quiz

drug classifications

QuestionAnswer
adrenergic constricts blood vessels, narrows the lumen of a vessel. Stops superifical bleeding, increases and sustainsblood pressure, and relieves nasal congestion.
analgesic lessens the sensory functin of the brain.Uses; pain relief
anesthetic produces insensbility to pain or the sensation of pain. use;local or general anesthesia
antacid decreases the acidity in the stomach. use;TX of gastric hyperacidity
antianxiety reduces anxiety and tension. use;produces calmess and releases muscle tension.
antibiotic kills or inibits the growth of microorganisms. uses:TX of bacterial invasions and infections.
anticholinergic parasympathetic blocking agent, reduces spasm in smooth muscle. uses;dry secretions.
anticoagulant delays or blocks the clotting of blood. uses; prevention of blood clots.
antidepressant treats depression. uses; mood elevator
antiemetic acts on hypothalamus center in the brain. uses; prevents and relieves nausea and vomiting.
antiepilepic reduces excessive stimulation of the brain. uses; epilepsy and other convulsive disorders.
antifungal slows or retards the multiplication of fungi. uses; TX of systemic or local fungal infections.
antihistamine counteracts the effects of histamine; may inhibit gastic secretions. uses; relief of allergies, prevention of gastric ulcers.
antihypertensive blocks nerve impulses that constrict arteries or slows heart rate,decreases contractility, or restricts the hormone aldosterone in the blood. uses; reduces and controls blood pressure.
antinflammatory antiinflammatory or antirheumatic. uses; TX of arthritic and other inflammatory disorders.
antineoplastic inhibits the development of and destorys cancerous cells. uses; cancer chemotherapy.
antipruritic relieve itching. uses; allergies or topical exposures that cause itching.
antipyretic reduces body temperature. uses; reduces fever.
antispasmodic relieves or prevents spasms from muscloskeletal injury or inflammation. use; sport unjuries.
antitussive inhibits the cough center. uses; temporarily supposses a nonproductive cough; reduces the thickness of secretions.
bronchodilator relaxes the smooth muscle of the bronchi. uses; TX of asthma, bronchospasm, promotes bronchodilation.
cathartic increases peristaltic activity of the large intestine. uses; increases and hasters bowl evacuation.
contraceptive inhibits conception. uses; family planning.
decongestant relieves local congestion in the tissues. uses; relief of nasal and sinus congestin caused by common cold, hay fever, or upper respiratory tract disorders.
diuretic inhibits the reabsorptin of sodium and chloride in the kidneys. uses; increases urinary putput, decreases blood pressure.
expectorant increases secretions and mucus from the bronchial tubes. uses; upper respiatory tract congestion.
hemostatic controls bleeding, a blood coagulant. uses; control of acronic blood-clotting disorder, formation of absorbable, artificial clot.
hematopoietic promotes red blood cell production. uses; TX of anemia in chemotherapy patients
hypnotic induces sleep and lessens the activity of the brain. uses; insomnia, lower doses sedate.
hormone replacement replaces horomones or compensates for hormone deficiency. uses; maintenance of adequate hormone levels.
lipid-lowering decreases blood cholesterd levels and / or increases HDL levels. uses; management of high blood cholesterol.
miotic causes the pupil of the eye to constrict, uses; counteracts pupil dilation.
mydriatic dilates the pupil of the eye. uses; ophthalmologic examinations.
narcotic depresses the central nervous system and causes insensbility or stupor. uses; pain relief
oral hypoglycemic decreases blood glucose levels by increasing insulin production and/ or decreasing target cell resistance to insulin or by delaying glucose absorption. uses;management of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
osteoporosis TX inhibits bone reabsorption and or promotes usage of calcium. uses; to promote bone mineral density and reverse the progression of osteoporosis.
Created by: jasra on 2010-02-07



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