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Big review term

Big review terminology

a/an without, lack of
ACTH Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
ADH Antidiuretic Hormone
ad- toward, in the direction of
AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
ambul/o walk
amnion amni/o
andr/o male
ante- before
anti- against
anus an/o
ASAP As soon as possible
-asthenia weakness
BaE Barium Enema
bi- two,double
black melan/o,enthrac/o
blood hemat/o,hem/o
blue cyan/o
BM Bowel movement
bone oste/o
brady- slow
brain encephal/o
CAD Coronary Artery Disease
cardi/o heart
cartilage chondr/o
CBC Complete Blood count
-cele hernia,swelling
CHF Congestive Heart Failure
cell cyt/o,-cyte
chlor/o green
choledoch/o bile duct
chondr/o cartilage
-clasis to break, surgical fracture
color chrom/o
condition of -esis, -ia,-ism,-y,-ema,-isy,-sis
contra- against
COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
core/o pupil
CPR Cardiopulmonary Resusitation
cranium crani/o
crin/o secrete
cry/o cold
CSF Cerebrospinal fluid
CT Computed Tomography
CVA Cerebrovascular Accident
D&C Dilation and Curettage
dacry/o tear,tear duct
death -necrosis,necro
decrease penia-
dent/o tooth
destruction of lysis
di- double,two
dia- through,across
dilation -ectasis
discharge from -rrhea
double di-,bi-
dys- bad,painful,difficult
ear aur/o, ot/o, auricul/o
eardrum myring/o, tympan/o
eating, swallowing phag/o, -phage, -phagia
ECG Electrocardiogram
ect/o outside
-ectasis dilation
-ectomy excision, surgical removal
-edema swelling
EEG Electroencephalography
-emesis vomiting
-emia blood condition
enlargement -megaly
eosin/o rose, dawn coloured
epi- upon, on
ER Emergency room
-esthesia feeling, sensation
eu- good
excessive hyper-
excision -ectomy
exo- outward
eye ocul/o, ophthalm/o
false pseudo-
first primi-
forming, producing -genesis, gen/o, -poiesis
FSH Follicle Stimulating Hormone
Fx Fracture
gastr/o stomach
GI Gastrointestinal
glands aden/o
gluc/o sugar, glucose
glyc/o sugar, glucose
GP General Pactitioner
-gram record
-graph instrument to record
-graphy process of recording
gray glauc/o
gray matter poli/o, poli-
Hgb Hemoglobin
hearing acous/o, -acusis, audi/o, -cusia, -cusis, audit/o, audi/o
heart cardi/o
HEENT Head, Eyes, Ears, Nose , Throat
hemat/o blood
hemi- one half, half
hemorrhage -rrhagia, -rrhage
hernia -cele
hist/o tissue
homeostasis control of same, internal balance
Hx history
hyper- excessive, above
hypo- below, deficency
-iasis, abnormal condition of
-ia condition of
ichthy/o dry scaly
ICU Intensive care Unit
IDDM Insulin-dependant diabetes mellitus
ilium ili/o
-ism condition
incision -tomy
inflammation of itis
infra- below, under
instrument to view -scope
instrument to cut -tome
instrument to record -graph
instrurment to crush -triptor
irid/o iris
-itis inflammation
joint arthr/o
kal- potassium
kary/o nucleus
kidney nephr/o, ren/o
kinesi/o movement
KUB Kidney, ureter, bladder
lack of -penia
later/o side, side by side
lith/o stone
-lysis destruction, loosening, seperation
-malacia softening
measuring -metry
men/o menses, menstruation, month
mening/o meninges
mes/o middle
meta- change
-meter instrument for measuring
-metry act of measuring, measuring
mmHg millimeters of mercury
morph/o shape, form
MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging
MS Multiple Sclerosis
muscle my/o
myel/o bone marrow, spinal cord
narc/o stupor, sleep
narrowing stenosis
necr/o death
NIDDM Non-insulin dependant diabetes mellitus
no non
NPO nothing by mouth
NSAIDs nonsteroid anti-inflammatory drugs
nyct/o night
OB-GYN Obstetric andGynecology
OD right eye
-oid resembling
-ologist specialist in the study of
-ology study of
-oma tumor
onych/o nail
oophor/o ovary
-osis abnormal condition of
oste/o bone
pain -algia, -dynia, -algesia
PERRLA Pupils equal round reactive to light accomadation
PAP papanicolaou smear/test
para- near, beside
paralysis -plegia
parathyroid parathyroid/o
-pathy disease
-penia deficiency, decrease
-pepsia digestion
per- through, across
peri- around, surrounding
-phagia eating, swallowing, digestion
-phasia speech
-phonia voice, sound
-physis growth, development
pil/o hair
-plasty surgical repair of
-plegia paralysis
pod/o foot
poli- gray matter
poly- many, much
pre- before
pregnancy -gravida, -cyesis
pro- before
production of gen/o, -genisis, -poiesis
prostat/o prostate gland
pt patient
-ptosis drooping, sagging, prolapse, downward displacement
-ptysis spitting
pulmon/o lung, air
puncture of -centesis
pyel/o renal pelvis
R/O rule out
RA Rheumatoid Arthitis
RBC red blood count (cell)
rectum rect/o
red erythr/o, erythem/o, rube/o, rhod/o, erythmat/o
relating to -ac, -al, -ary, -ic, -eal, -iac, -ical, -ile, -ine, -ior, -itic, -ive, -ory, -tic
repair of -plasty
retro- behind, backward
ROM Range of motion
rose coloured eosin/o
-rrhagia bursting forth, hemorrhage
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhea discharge, flow
-rrhexis rupture
RUQ Right upper quadrant
salping/o fallopian tube, oviduct, eustachian tube, tube
-sarcoma malignant tumor of connective tissue
scaly squam/o
schist/o split, cleft
scoli/o crooked, bent
-scope instrument to view/examine
-scopy visual examination
seb/o sebum, sebaceous gland
sensation -esthesia
sial/o saliva, salivary gland
skin dermat/o, cutane/o, -derma
SOB shortness of breath
somat/o body
speech -phasia
spinal cord myel/o
spine spin/o, rachi/o
spleen splen/o
-stasis standing still, control, stop
STAT immediatly
STD sexual transmitted disease
sub- below, under
sugar gluc/o, glyc/o, glycos/o, glucos/o
supra- above, superior
suspension -pexy
sweat hidr/o, sudr/o
T&A Tonsillectomy and Adnoidectomy
-tachy fast, rapid
TB Tuberculosis
tear duct dacry/o, dacryocyst/o, lacrim/o
thrombo- blood clot, thrombus
TIA Transient Ischemic attack
-tome instrument to cut
-tomy incision
ton/o tension, tone, pressure
toxic tox/o
trachea trache/o
trans- across, through
TSH Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
tumor -oma
TURP Transurethral resection of the prostate
UA Urinalysis
ltra- excess, beyond
uni- one
ur/o urine, urinary system
ureter ureter/o
urethra urethr/o
URI Upper respiratory infection
-uria urine, urine condition
urination ur/o, -uria
vagina vagin/o, colp/o
valvul/o small valve
vesic/o bladder
vision -opia, opsia
VS Vital signs
water hydr/o, aque/o
within endo-, en-, end-, intra-
xanth/o yellow
xer/o dry
x-ray radi/o, roentgen/o
yellow xanth/o, lute/o, cirrh/o, jaund/o
Created by: zeldafan