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This type of brain injury is an insult to the brain, not of a degenerative or congenital nature but caused by external physical force. Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
Injury that has occurred after birth and is NOT hereditary, congenital or degenerative. The injury commonly results in a change in neuronal activity, which affects the physical integrity OR the metabolic activity OR the functional ability of the cell. Aquired Brain injury (ABI) - This term does NOT refer to brain injuries induced by birth trauma
THis is a branch of medical science that deals with the incidence, distribution, and control of a disease within a population.....-ology (study of..) Epidemiology
THis term refers to the number of cases of a disease PRESENT during a paricular interval of time. it is usually expressed as a rate. PRevalence
This term refers to the number of cases having their ONSET during a given period of time. usually expressed as a rate. It is a measure of morbidity that occurs within that given time period. Incidence
This term refers to the ongoing systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of data used to MONITOR a health event Surveillance
AFter sustaining a FIRST TBI, what happens to likelihood that an individual will incur a second TBI Likelihood of a second TBI is 2-3 Times GReater after the first TBI, than before the injury occurred.
AFter sustaining a second TBI, what happens to the likelihood of acquiring a third? Likelihood is 8X greater than prior to the first injury.
How does sex (gender) factor into the epidemiology of TBI? Males are far more likly to sustain TBI than females. In addition, males had higher rates of Hospitalization, ED visits and deaths related to TBI
What age groups have the highest incidence of TBI? Historically, the age group has been 15-24 years of age. however, according to the 2006 report released by the CDC, the age group with the highest incidence was 0-4 years of age at 1121 per 100,00... ages 15-19 showed 814 per 100,000
Created by: willmandley