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Med Terminology CH 3


albin/o white
bi/o life
cry/o cold
cutane/o skin
cyan/o blue
derm/o skin
dermat/o skin
diaphor/o profuse sweating
electr/o electricity
erythr/o red
hidr/o sweat
ichthy/o scaly, dry
kerat/o hard, horny
leuk/o white
lip/o fat
melan/o black
myc/o fungus
necr/o death
onych/o nail
pil/o hair
phot/o light
py/o pus
rhytid/o wrinkle
scler/o hard
seb/o oil
trich/o hair
ungu/o nail
vesic/o bladder
xer/o dry
-derma skin
-opsy view of
-tome instrument used to cut
allo- other, different from usual
xeno- strange, foreign
subcutaneous pertaining to the skin
epidermal pertaining to upon the skin
hypodermic pertaining to under the skin
intradermal pertaining to within the skin
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
dermatologist specialist in skin
dermatosis abnormal skin condition
dermatopathy skin disease
dermatoplasty surgical repair of the skin
anhidrosis abnormal condition of no sweating
hyperhidrosis abnormal condidtion of excessive sweat
lipectomy removal of fat
lipoma fatty mass
melanoma black tumor
melanocyte black cell
necrosis abnormal condition of death
onychectomy removal of a nail
onychomalacia softening of nails
onychomycosis abnormal condition of nail fungus
onychophagia nail eating (nail biting)
pyogenic pus forming
rhytidectomy removal of wrinkles
rhytidoplasty surgical repair of wrinkles
seborrhea oily discharge
trichomycosis abnormal condition of hair fungus
ungual pertaining to the nails
erythroderma red skin
ichthyoderma scaly and dry skin
leukoderma white skin
pyoderma pus skin
scleroderma hard skin
xeroderma dry skin
abrasion a scraping away of the skin surface by friction
cicatrix a scar
comedo Collection of hardened sebum in hair follicle. (AKA Blackhead)
contusion Injury caused by a blow to the body; causes swelling, pain, and bruising. The skin isn't broken.
cyanosis Bluish tint to the skin caused by deoxygenated blood.
depigmentation loss of normal skin color or pigment
dermatology (Derm, derm) Branch of medicine involving diagnosis and treatment of conditionsand diseases of the integumentary system.
diaphoresis profuse sweating
ecchymosis skin discoloration caused by blood collecting under the skin following blunt trauma to the skin. A bruise
erythema redness or flushing of the skin
eschar a thick layer of dead tissue and tissue fluid that develops over a deepburn area
hirsutism excessive hair growth over the body
hyperemia redness of the skin due to increased blood flow
hyperpigmentation abnormal amount of pigmentation in the skin
keloid Formation of a raised and thickened hypertrophic scar after an injury or surgery
keratosis term for any skin condition involving an overgrowth and thickening of the epidermis
lesion a general term for a wound
nevus Pigmented skin blemish, birthmark, or mole. Usually benign but may become cancerous.
pallor abnormal paleness skin
petechiae Pinpoint purple or red spots from minute hemorraghes under the skin
photosensitivity Condition in which the skin reacts abnormally when exposed to light, such as the ultraviolet rays of the sun.
plastic surgery Surgical specialty involved in repair, reconstruction, or improvement of body structures such as the skin that are damaged, missing, or misshapen,
pruritus severe itching
purpura hemorrahages into the skin due to fragile blood vessels.
purulent containing pus or an infection that is producing pus.
strawberry hemangioma congenital collection of dilated blood vessels causing a red birthmark that fades a few months after birth
suppurative containing or producing pus
urticaria (AKA hives)a skin eruption of pale reddish wheals with severe itching.
verruca (AKA warts)benign growth caused by a virus.
cyst fluid filled sac
fissure crack like lesion or groove on the skin
laceration a torn or jagged wound; incorrectly used to describe a cut
macule flat, discolored area that is flush with the skin surface. ie. birthmark or freckle
nodule firm, solid mass of sells in the skin larger than .5cm in diameter
papule small, solid, circular raised spot on the surface of the skin less than .5cm in diameter
pustule raised spot on the skin containing pus
ulcer open sore or lesion in skin or mucous membrane
vesicle a blister; small, fluid-filled raised spot on the skin
wheal small, round, swollen area on the skin; typically seen in allergic skin reactions such as hives and usually accompanied by urticaria
abscess a collection of pus in the skin
acne inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles resulting in papules and pustules
acne rosacea chronic form of acne seen in adults involving redness, tiny pimples, and broken blood vessles, primarily on the nose and cheeks
acne vulgaris common form of acne seen in teenagers. characterized by comedo, papules, and pustules
albinism a genetic condition in which the body is unable to make melanin. Chatacterized by white hair and skin and red pupils due to lack of pigment. AKA albino
basal cell carcinoma cancerous tumor of the basal cell layer of epidermis.
cellulitis a diffuse, acute infection and inflammation of the connective tissue found in the skin
decubitus ulcer open sore caused by pressure over bony prominences cutting off the blood flow to the overlying skin. aka pressure sore.
dry gangrene late stages of gangrene characterized by the affected area becoming dried, blackened, and shriveled...referred to as mummified
eczema superficial dermatitis of unknown cause accompanied by redness, vesicles, itching, and cruising
gangrene tissue necrosis usually due to deficient blood supply
ichthyosis condition in which the skin becomes dry, scaly, and keratinized
impetigo a highly infectious bacterial infection of the skin with pustules that rupture and become crusted
kaposi's sarcoma form of skin cancer frequently seen in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients.
malignant melanoma dangerous form of skin cancer caused by an uncontrolled growth of melonocytes. may metastasize or spread to internal organs.
pediculosis infestation with lice. The eggs laid by the lice are called nits and cling tightly to hair.
psoriasis chronic inflammatory condition consisting of papules forming "silvery scaly" patches with circular borders
rubella contagious viral skin infection. aka German measles
scabies contagious skin disease caused by egg laying mite that burrows thfough the skin and causes redness and intense itching; often seen in children
sebaceous cyst sac under the skin filled with sebum or oil from a sebaceous gland. This can grow large in size and may need to be excised
squamous cell carcinoma cancer of the epidermis layer of skin that may invade deeper tissue and metastasize. often begins as a sore that doesn't heal.
systemic lupus erythematosus chronic disease of the connective tissue that injures the skin, joints, kidneys, nervous system, and mucous membranes. May produce a characteristic red, scaly butterfly rash across the cheeks and nose.
tinea fungal skin disease resulting in itching, scaling lesions
tinea capitis fungal infection of the scalp. aka ringworm
varicella aka chicken pox; a viral skin infection. a rash that forms scabs.
vitiligo disappearance of pigment from the skin in patches, causing a milk-white appearance. aka leukoderma
wet gangrene an area of gangrene that becomes secondarily infected by pus-producing bacteria
alopecia absence or loss of hair,especially the head. aka baldness
carbuncle furuncle involving several hair follicles
furuncle bacterial infection of hair follicle. characterized by redness, pain, and swelling. aka boil
onychia infected nail bed
paronychia infection of the skin fold around the nail
culture and sensitivity (C&S) lab test that grows a colony of bacteria removed from an infected area in order to identify the specific infecting bacteria and then dertermine its sensitivity to a variety of antibiotics
biopsy (BX,bx) a piece of tissue is removed by syringe and needle, knife, punch, or brush to examine under microscope.
exfoliative cytology scraping cells from tissue and then examining tehm under microscope
frozen section (FS) a thin piece of tissue is cut from a piece of frozen specimen for rapid examination under a microscope
fungal scrapings scrapings, taken with curette or scraper, of tissue from lesions are placed on a growth medium and examined under a microscope to identify fungal growth.
allograft skin graft from one person to another; donor is usually a cadaver
autograft skin graft from a person's own body
dermatome instrument for cutting the skin or thin transplants of skin
dermatoplasty skin grafting; transplantation of skin
heterograft skin graft from an animal of another species to a human. aka xenograft
skin graft (SG) the transfer of skin from a normal area to cover another site. Used to treat burn victims aka dermatoplasty
xenograft skin graft from an animal of another species to a human. aka heterograft
cauterization destruction of tissue by using caustic chemicals, electric currents, heat, or by freezing.
cryosurgery the use of extreme cold to freeze or destroy tissue
curettage removal of superficial skin lesions with a curette (surgical instrument shaped like a spoon) or scraper
debridement removal of foreign material and dead or damaged tissue from a wound
electrocautery to destroy tissue with an electric current
incision and drainage (I&D) making an incision to create an opening for the drainage of material such as pus
chemabrasion abrasion using chemicals. aka chemical peel
dermabrasion abrasion or rubbing using wire brushes or sandpaper. performed to remove acne scars, tatoos, and scar tissue.
laser therapy removal of skin lesions and birthmarks using a laser beam that emits intense heat and power at a close range.
liposuction removal of fat beneath the skin by means of suction
rhythidectomy surgical removal of excess skin to eliminate wrinkles. aka face lift
anesthetics applied to the skin to deaden pain ex: xylocaine, procaine, novocain
antibiotics kill bacteria causing skin infections. ex: bacitracin/neomycin/polymixinB, neosporin
antifungals kill fungi infecting the skin. ex: miconazole, monistat; clotrimazole, lotrimin
antiparasitics kill mites and lice. ex: lindane, kwell, permethrin, nix
antipuritics reduces severe itching. ex: dephenhydramine, benedryl, camphor/pramoxine/zinc, caladryl
antiseptics used to kill bacteria in skin cuts and wounds or at a surgical site. ex: isopropyl alcohol, hydrogen peroxide
anti-virals treats herpes simplex infections ex: valacyclovir, valtrex, famcyclovir, famvir, acyclovir, zovirax
corticosteroid cream specific type of powerful anti-inflammatory cream. ex: hydrocortisone, cortaid, triamcinolone, kenalog
BCC basal cell carcinoma
BX, bx biopsy
C&S culture and sensitivity
decub decubitus ulcer
Derm, derm dermatology
FS frozen section
HSV herpes simplex virus
I&D incision and drainage
ID intradermal
MM malignant melanoma
SCC squamous cell carcinoma
SG skin graft
SLE systemic lupus erythematosus
STSG split-thickness skin graft
subcu, SC, sc, subq subcutaneous
UV ultraviolet
apocrine glands Thick and milky sweat glands found only on parts of the surface where there are hair follicles, such as the underarms, genitals, and scalp
arrector pili muscle attached to hair when contracts makes hair shaft stand up
basal layer deepest layer within the epidermis
collagen fibers Strong fibrous protein present in connective tissue.
corium middle layer of skin, aka dermis
cutaneous membrane skin
cuticle soft protective tissue at the base of the nail
dermis middle, fibrous connective tissue layer
epidermis thin, outer membrane layer
free edge exposed edge that is trimmed when the nails become too long.
hair follicle hair shaft grows toward the skin surface.
hair root deeper cells forces kerantinized cells up
hair shaft keratinized cells pushed up the from the root
integument skin
hypodermis deepest layer of skin aka subcutaneous
keratin dead cells filled with hard protein
lipocytes cells composed of fat
lunula light colored half-mooned area at the base of the nail.
melanin black pigment
nail root where the nail grows from
sebaceous gland found in the dermis secrete oil sebum, lubricates hair and skin.
sebum oil
sensory receptors detector temp, pain, touch, and pressure are located in the skin.
stratified squamous epithelium type of epithelial tissue consists of flat scale like cells arranged in overlapping layers or strata.
subcutaneous layer innermost layer, containing fatty tissue
sudoriferous glands sweat glands
sweat duct sweat travels to the surface of the skin via sweat duct
sweat glands function to cool the body
sweat pore surface opening of a sweat duct
tinea pedis fungal infection of the foot. aka athelet's foot
Created by: Baloo2_1967