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Skeletal System Term

Skeletal System Abbreviatons & Key Terms

AKA above-knee amputation
BKA below-knee amputation
DJD degenerative joint disease
Fx fracture
LS lumbosacral
ORIF open reduction internal fixation
PROM passive range of motion
RA rheumatoid arthritis
RF rheumatoid factor
ROM range of motion
THR total hip replacement
TKA total knee arthroplasty
TKR total knee replacement
TMJ temporomandibular joint
TX,Tx traction
Appendicular Skeleton the bones that form the limbs or extremities of the body.
Axial Skeleton the bones of the skull,rib cage,and spinal column;the bones that form the trunk of the body.
Carpals bones of the wrist.
Clavicles collarbones.
Cranium part of the skull; the eight bones of the head that enclose the brain.
Diaphysis the shaft, or middle section, of a longbone.
Endosteum membrane lining the medullary canal of a bone.
Epiphysis the end or head at the extremity of a long bone.
Femur thigh bone of the leg; the longest and strongest bone in the body.
Fibula outer and smaller bone of the lower leg.
Fontanels spaces or "soft spots," that allow for the enlargement of the skull as brain growth occurs.
Foramina a passage or opening; a hole in a bone through which blood vessels or nerves pass.
Humerus long bone of the upper arm.
Joints articulation, or areas where two bones meet or join.
Ligaments fibrous tissues that connect bone to bone.
Medullary Canal inner, or central, portion of a long bone.
Metacarpals bones of the hand between the wrist and each finger.
Metatarsals bones of the foot between the instep and each toe.
Os Coxae coxal, or hip, bones, which join with the sacrum on the dorsal part of the body.
Patella the kneecap.
Periosteum fibrous membrane that covers the bones except at joint areas.
Phalanges bones of the finger and toes.
Radius long bine of the forearm, between the wrist and elbow.
Red Marrow soft tissue in the epiphyses of long bones.
Ribs also called costae; twelve pains of narrow, curved bones that surround the thoracic cavity.
Scapula shoulder blade or bone.
Sinuses cavities or air spaces in a bone.
Skeletal System made of organs called bones.
Sternum breastbone.
Sutures surgical stitches used to join edges of an incision or wound; also, an area where bones join or fuse together.
Tarsals one of the seven bones that form the instep of the foot.
Tibia inner and larger bone of the lower leg, between the wrist and elbow.
Ulna long bone in the forearm, between the wrist and elbow.
Vertebrae bones of the spinal column.
Yellow Marrow soft tissue in the diaphyses of long bones.
Created by: Jolojo