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AP Govt CPHS Chap. 8

AP Govt. CPHS Chap. 8

Twenty-Second Amendment Adopted in 1951, prevents a president from serving more than two terms, or more than ten years if he came to office via the death or impeachment of his predecessor.
Impeachment The power delegated to the House of Reps in the Constitution to charge the president, vice president, or other "civil officers," including federal judges, with "Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimse and Misdemeanors." First step of removing officials.
Executive Privilege An implied presidental power that allows the president to refuse to disclose information regarding confidential conversations or national security to Congress or the judiciary.
U.S. v. Nixon (1974) Key Supreme Court ruling on power of the president, finding that there is no absolute constitutional executive privilege to allow a president to refuse to comply with a court order to produce information needed in a criminal trial.
Twenty-Fifth Amendment Adopted in 1967 to establish procedures for filling vacancies in the office of president and vice president as well as providing for procedures to deal with the disability of a president.
Cabinet The formal body of presidential advisers who head the fifteen executive departments. Presidents often add others to this body of formal advisers.
Executive agreement Formal government agreement entered into by the president that does not require the advice and consent of the U.S. Senate.
Veto Power The formal, constitutional authority of the president to reject bills passed by both houses of Congress, thus preventing their becoming law without further congressional action.
Line-item Veto The authority of a chief executive to delete part of abill passed by the legislature that involves taxing or spending. The legislature may over-ride a veto, usually with a two-thirds majority of each chamber.
War Powers Act Passed by Congress in 1973; the president is limited in the deployment of troops overseas to a sixty-day period in peacetime (which can be extended for an extra thirty days to permit withdrawal) unless Congress explicitly gives approval for longer periods
Pardon An executive grant providing restoration of all rights and privileges of citizenship to a specific individual charged or convicted of a crime.
Inherent Powers Powers of the president that can be derived or inferred from specific powers in the Constitution.
New Deal The name given to the program of "Relief, Recovery, Reform" begun by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1933 to bring the United States out of the Great Depression.
Executive Office of the President (EOP) Establishment created in 1939 to help the president oversee the executive branch bureaucracy.
Patronage Jobs, grants, or other special favors that are given as rewards to friends and political allies for their support.
Office of Management and Budget (OMB) The office that prepares the president's annual budget proposal, reviews the budget and programs of the executive departments, supplies economic forecasts, and conducts detailed analyses of proposed bills and agency rules.
Executive Order A rule or regulation issued by the president that has the effect of law. All executive orders must be published in the Federal Register.
Created by: Rebecca3