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Working Environment

Chapter 2

gatch handle or rank used to raise and lower the bed, head, or foot of bed
postural support soft protective device or restraint used to protect a resident from injury
incident report written description report
body mechanics special ways of standing and moving one's body
gravity attraction that the earth has for an object on or near its surface
center of gravity place where the builk or mass of an object is centered.
base of support foundation of an object or person(ex: our feet)
spontaneous combustion ignition of burnable material caused by a chemical reaction
organism any living thing
microorganism tiny living things seen only with a microscope
pathogenic causing disease
nonpathogenic not capable of producing disease
infection invasion of the body by a disease producing organism
aseptic free of microorganism
incidence number of occurrences
classification of microorganism/six major microorganism known to cause disease in humans 1)bacteria 2)viruses 3)fungi(including yeast and mold) 4)protozoa 5)rickettsia 6)parasitic worms
culture specimen of body tissue or fluids kept under special laboratory condition to detect if microorganism is there
cross-infection acquiring an infection from someone else
reinfection invasion of the body by a disease-producing organism
environmental control means of providing a safe environment that is as free as possible of pathogenic organisms
isolation to separate or set apart
disinfection process of killing most microorganism
sterilization process of killing all microorganism
dirty contaminated, used, or exposed to disease producing organism
standard precautions a system of precautions to be used in the care of all residents in order to prevent the spread of disease
transmission-based precautions a group of infection control methods based on the way a particular disease is spread
communicable conditions disease and infections that spread from one person to another
isolation techniques safety measure to prevent spread of communicable conditions
contract transmission passing on microorganisms by touch; may be touching of objects or an infected person
droplet transmission passing on microorganisms through droplets produced during activities like coughing, sneezing, and talking
airborne transmission passing on microorganisms through the air
tuberculosis (TB) an infectious disease that commonly attacks the lungs and is usually spread by contact with the sputum of an infected person
infection of TB means the bacilli are present, there are no symptoms, the person is not contagious, the person will test positively wehn a skin test is given
AIDS stands for? acquired immune deficiency syndrome)
What is AIDS a condition in which the body's immune system is damaged by attack from virus (HIV)
opportunistic infections occurs when organisms take advantage of a diseased immune system
jaundice a yellow coloring of skin and white portion of the eye caused by substances bilirubin, which is secreted by the liver
scabies a disease caused by mites that burrow under the skin
dermatologist a physician who specializes in the diseased of the skin
incontinent no control over bowel and bladder function
prosthesis artificial replacement for a body part such as a limb or eye
Created by: Tiffastic