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Feritle Cresent Quiz

Note cards for the Fertile Cresent Quiz 30 questions and the quiz is on Monday

Before the rise of civilization people were nomadic. What does this mean? They traveled from place to place hunting and gathering food.
How was the behavior of nomadic people regulated? Through unwritten customs
How did ancient people progress in their social organization? Nomadic clans to villages to city-states to empires
The first civilizations developed near these two rivers The Tigris and Euphrates River
Why did the first civilizations develop in river valleys? Because annual flooding left silt on the surrounding land which enriched the soil
How did the first farmers cope with challenges posed by rivers? They learned to control flooding and use irrigation systems
What was the name of the area that gave birth to the first civilizations? Mesopotamia
What do all civilizations need to survive and grow? Resources
What was the first civilization of the ancient world? Sumer
What are the five key elements of civilization? Centralized Government; Organized Religion; Arts, Architecture, and Public Works; Job Specialization and Social Classes; Writing
What does polytheistic mean? Believed in many gods and goddesses
How did the Hebrews differ from other ancient people? Were Monotheistic, not polytheistic
What was the most important religious duty of ancient citizens? To keep their gods happy
What were the temples in the Fertile Crescent called? Ziggurats
What stood at the top of each Ziggurat? A shrine to the chief god or goddess of the city
Why did ancient rulers build large palaces and temples? To make the citizens believe in the power and strength of the rulers and gods
What claim did ancient rulers claim to justify their authority? The will of the gods
What does it mean when we say that rulers in the ancient world were hereditary leader? Leadership was passed from father to son
What caused conflicts among the Fertile Crescent? They competed to control land and water
What developed as a result of the need to control the rivers, collect taxes, and build public works projects? The first centralized governments in history
List any three groups of people who developed civilizations in the Fertile Crescent. Akkadians, Assyrians, Babylonians, Hebrews, Hittites, Medes, Persians, Phoenicians, and Sumerians
What tasks did the first organized governments perform? Write laws, collect taxes, provide food supply, and maintain defense
Why were the first laws written? To regulate the behavior of people who were now strangers to one another in cities
In the ancient world, who was specially trained to read and write? a scribe
What did ancient people invent to record grain harvests and keep accurate records of the seasons? writing
How did ancient rulers use public works projects to ensure the cities' food supplies? Built irrigation systems, roads, and bridges and kept records of harvests
How did ancient use public works projects to provide for the defense of the city? Built walls around the city to protect it from attack
How did cities change the way people worked? People specialized in jobs for the first time
Why were people able to specialize in jobs in early civilizations? Surpluses in food mean that not everyone had to search for food
Raking people according to their hobs led to this. The development of the first social classes
Created by: tumblegirl