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speech final01

fundamentals of speech terms

the person who originates the message source
individual or group that hears and listens to the message sent by the source receiver
the facial expression seen, the words heard, the visual aids illustrated, and the ideas or meanings conveyed simultaneously between source and receiver message
words the souce chose for the speech verbal messages
movements, gestures, facial expression, and vocal variations that can reinforce or contradict the words nonverbal messages
the means of distributing your words, whether by coaxial cable, fiber optics, microwave, radio, air channel
verbal and non vebrbal responses by the audience feedback
time, place, and occasion in which the message sending and receiving occurs situation
interference of obstacles to communication noise
the dynamic interrelationship of course, receiever, message, channel, feedback, sitaution, and noise process of communication
transaction in which speaker and listener simultaneously send, receieve, and intepret messages communication
an offense punishable by no poinyd, a low grade, suspension, or dismissal from college, using a speech, outline, or manuscript from any source plagairism
the audiences perception of your effectiveness as a communicator source credibility
pointing out what features you share with your audience common ground
degree to which the audience percieves the presenter as honest and honorable trustworthiness
thorough familiarity with your topic competence
the energy you expend in delivering your message dynamism
interpreting sounds as a message listening
an individuals level of fear or anxiety associated with either real or anticpated communication with another person or persons communication apprehension
describes essential skills associated with public dialogue and communication five canons of rhetoric
art of finding information invention
pictures or diagrams that allow you to visualize main and subordinate ideas related to a more general topic concept maps
arrangement and structure of a presentation disposition
the use and ornamentation of a language style
createive and artful use of language ornamentation
speakers must have a strong mental awareness of the messages they intend to present memory
mode of delivery that allows some preparation but does not require the presenter to script out of memorize the presentation extemporaneous delivery
the verbal and nonvebral techniques used to present th message delivery
one that does not allow for substantial planning and practice before the presentation is given impromptu presentation
teaches audience members how soemthing works or how to perform some task demonstration presentation
try to think of as many topics as you can in a limited time brainstorming
begin with categores that prompt you to think of topics categorical brainstorming
consider features of your life such as experiences, attitudes, values, beliefs, interests, and skills personal inventory
items that you find in the news, on the media, and in the minds of people in your audience current topics
seeks to increase the audiences level of understanding or knowledge about a topic speech to inform
seeks to influence, reinforce, or modify the audience members feelings, attitudes, beliefs, values, or behaviors speech to persuade
presentation that highlights a special even special occasion speech
summary of the speech thesis statement
discovering as much as possible about an audience for the purpose of improving communication with them audience analysis
popular opinions of the time about issues, styles, topics, teends, and social mores, the customary set of understanding of what is true or right conventional wisdom
include gender composition, age, ethnicitiy, economic status, occupation and education demographics
people who are united through "language, historical origins, nation state, or cultural systems" ethnicity
groups that are similar to the large culture but are disinguished by background, beliefes, and behaviors co-cultures
the common concept of reality shared by a particular group of people worldview
watching and listening observation
inquiries about your audiecne directed at and audience member interviews
surveys of audience opinions questionnaires
questions that require more than a yes or no answer open-ended questions
require a yes or no answer closed-ended questions
ask to what extent a respondent agrees or disagrees with a statement degree questions
your own life as a source of information personal experience
data which proof may be based evidence
a librarian specifically trained to help find sources of information reference librarian
database containing information about books, journals, and other resources in the library electronic catalog
sources of information that are publishd at regular intervals periodicals
website on the internet that is specifically designed to help you search for information search engine
complete citations that appear in the references or works cited section of your speech outline bibliographical reference
brief notations of which biblographical reference contains the details you are using in your speech internal reference
tells listeners who the source is, how recent the info is, and the sources qualifications oral citation
information you can use to substantiate your arguments and clarify your positions supporting material
a study in which a limited number of questions are answered by a sample of the population to discover opinions on issues surveys
specific instances used to illustrate your point examples
statements made by an ordinary person that substantiate or support what you say lay testimony
statements made by someone who has special knowledge about an issue or an idea expert testimony
statements made by a public figure who is known to the audience celebrity testimony
numbers such as totals, differences, percentages averages that summarize data or provice scientific evidence of relationhips between two or more things statistics
comparison of things in some respects, especially in position or function that are otherwise dissimilar analogy
determinations of meaning through description , simplificayion, examples, analysis, comparison, explaination or illustration definitions
intentional or unintentional use of information fro one ore more sources without fully divulging how much information is directly quoted incrmental plagarism
a source advocation one position will present an argument from the opposide viewpoint and then go on the refute that argument two-sided argument
you repeat words and phrases and use the same parts of speech for each item parallel construction
states the order of events as they actually occur time-sequence patterm
demonstrartes how items are related in space spatial relations patterm
describes or explains the causes and consequences cause-effect patterns
highly versatile organizatrional patterm, simply divides a topic into inter related parts topic sequence patterns
depicting an issue or situation problem-solution pattern
includes five specific components: attention, need, satisfaction, visualization, and action monroe's motivated sequence
statements or words that bridge previous parts of the presentation to the next part transition
reveal where the speaker is going signposts
informs listeners of your next point or points and are more detailed than transitions internal previews
remind listeners of your last point or points and are more detailed then transitions internal reviews
allows you to indicate which material is more important and which is less important through ndentation and symbols principle of subordination
states that if a point is to be divided, it must have at least two subpoints principle of division
states that main points, sub points and sub-subpoints must use the same grammmatical and syntactical forms principle of parallelism
final outline in complete sentence form formal sentence outline
list of courses consulted and the sourses actually used in the presentation bibiography
brief outline with cue words that you can use during the delivery of your presentation word outline
you make your audience pctive participants in your presentation audience participation
key outline with cue words that you can use during the delivery of your presentation key word outline
the beginning of your presentation introduction
tells the audience how you are going to cover the topic forecasting
warns the audience that you are about to stop brake light function
remind the audience of the thesis of your message instant replay function
state the response you seek from the audience action ending function
one in which a presenter has committed a presentation to memory memorized mode
when a presenter writes out the complete presentastion in advance and then uses that amnuscript to deliver the speech but without memorizing manuscript mode
a brief silence for effect pause
way of delaying with sound vocalized pause
the speed of delivery rate
how long something lasts duration
tempo of the speech rhythm
the reprtition of the intitial sounds of words alliteration
highness or lowness of a speakers voice, its upward and downward inflection the melody produced by the voice pitch
the relative loudness or softness of your voice volume
adjusting your volume appropriately for the subject, the audience, and the situation projection
the pronunciation and articulation of words enunciation
the production of the sounds of the word pronunciation
the physiological process of creating the sounds articulation
mistaking one word for another malapropisms
the smoothness of delivery, the flow od words, and the absence of vocalized pauses fluency
they represent the concrete and objective reality of objects and things as well as abstract ideas symbolic
our language determines to some extent how we think about and view the world sapir-whorf hypothesis
simplification standing for a person or thing abstraction
people who study words and meaning semanticists
the degree to which words become separated from concrete or senes reality level of abstraction
tend to be specific, narrow, particular, and based on what you can sense concrete words
direct, explicit meaning or reference of a word denotative meaning
idea suggested by a word other than its explicit meaning connatative meaning
shows how much one thing is like another comparison
shwos how unlike one thing is from another contrast
uses words to reveal facts literal language
compares one concept to another analogous but different concept figurative language
language that does not leave out groups of people inclusive language
the misjudging of an individual by asusming that he or she has the characteristics of some group-that every single individual is just exactly liek the others stereotype
words that mean more or less the same thing synonyms
words that are opposite in meaning antonyms
origin of a word etymology
kind of overstatement or use of a word or words that axaggerates the actual situation hyperbole
describiging a complex issue as a simple one oversimplification
your point of view or perception perspective
resources other than the speaker that stimulate listeners and help them comprehend and remember the presenters message sensory aids
any observable resoucres used to enhance, explain, aor suppplement the presenters message visual aids
the use of words accompanied by other sensory stimuli dual coding
digital or electronic sensory resources that combine text graphics viideo and sound into one package media materials
relies primarily on words and phrases to show the audience members information text slide
use text and or numbers to efficiently summrize compare annd contrast information tables
used to visually display quantiative or statistical information charts
illustrate differences between categories of infornmation bar and column charts
illustrate trends in quantitative data line charts
used to show percentages of a whole pie charts
diagrams that represent a hierarchial structuce or process flowcharts
scaled representations of an actual object or objects models
one that increases an audiences knowledge about a subject or that helps the audience learn more about an issue or idea informative presentation
generate desire for information information hunger
generalizations to be remembered main ideas
details that support the generalizations subordinate ideas
an overt indication of understanding behavioral response
the ability to percieve and express that which is amusing or comical humor
the ability to perceive and express humorously the relationship or similarity between seeminlt inconrguous or disparate things wit
a psychological or physical reinforcement to increase an audiences response to information given in a presentation reward
revealing the presenter intended meaning of a term especially if the term is technical, scientific, controversial or not commonly used defining
evokes the meaning of a person, a place, an object or an experience by telling about its size weight color texture smell or your feelings about it describing
reveals how something works, why something occurred, or how something should be evaluated explaining
showing the audience an object, a person, or a place, showing the audience how something works, how to do something, or showing the audience why something occurs demonstrating
Created by: nicolekunkle0214