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Business Grammar

An overview of grammar and the sentence

8 part of speech 1)nouns 2)pronouns 3)verbs 4)adjectives 5)adverbs 6)prepositions 7)conjunctions 8)interjections
Pronouns words that substitute for nouns
verb phrases verbs that consist of two or more words. Ex: should have been, has been attending, etc.
adjectives words that modify, describe, or define nouns or pronouns. They tell what kind, which one, or how many or much. Ex: Your exciting, dynamic proposal will be accepted by both committees("exciting", "dynamic", and "both" are adjectives.
Which part of speech contains, "those, these, that, this" adjectives
adverbs modify and describe verbs, adjective, and other adverbs by telling "how, when, where, or to what degree". Ex: these pastries are too sweet (too is the adverb). Thuy draws beautifully (beautifully - adverb)
What is the adverb and adjective in these sentence, a) "Thuy ran very quickly", b) "The manager quite suddenly decided to sell the team." a) adverb - very, adjective - quickly b) adverb - quite adjective - suddenly
What part of speech are these words in, "very, quite, almost, never, here, there" adverb
prepositions connect groups of words to show relationship among ideas. Ex: in, by, of, out, to, from, after, on, for, with, before, over, about, above, behind, before, except, between, into, until
conjunctions connectors. They connect both single words and group of words. Ex: and, but, or, and nor
interjections words that express strong feeling; they are independent of the rest of the sentence Ex: Great! Thuy got an A (Great is the interjection) Oh, so that's what they wanted (Oh - interjection)
fragment sentence sentence that do not express a complete thought
the 2 parts of each complete sentence subject and predicates
subject nouns and pronouns, because they answer "who" or "what"
predicates verb or verb phrase
complete predicate begins with the verb or verb phrase and ends with the last word in the sentence. Ex: You will receive a new payment booklet next month ("you"- complete subject, ":will receive a new payment booklet next month" - predicates.
simple subject single most important noun or pronoun in the complete sentence
compound subject consist of two or more words that are equally important. The words are joined by "and, or, nor" ex: The plaintiff, her attorney, and the main witness did not appear in court. (plaintiff, attorney, main witness - compound subject)
Normal order a sentence is appear in normal order when the complete subject is followed by the complete predicate. Ex: None of the customers were aware of the special discount for cash payments ("None of the customers" - complete subject, "were aware..." - predicate
Invert order part of the predicate appears before the complete subject.
Change these sentence to normal order, a) "Will you be going to the convention in Puerto Rico?" b)Where have all the cartons been placed?" a)You will be going to the convention in Puerto Rico? b)All the cartons have been placed where?
Created by: Tiffastic