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Respiratory syst

respiratory system

Listening to sounds within the body auscultation
Tapping on a surface to determine the difference in the density of the underlying structure percussion
Scratchy sound produced by the motion of inflamed or irritated pleural surfaces rubbing against each other; also called friction rub pleural rub
Fine crackling sound heard on auscultation when there is fluid in the alveoli rale
Material expelled from the chest by coughing or clearing the throat sputum
Strained, high-pitched, relatively loud sound made on inspiration;associated with obstruction of the larynx or trachea stridor
Continuous high-pitched whistling sound heard when air is forced through a narrow space during inspiration or expiration wheezing
Incomplete expansion of alveoli collapsed, functionless, airless lung or portion of a lung atelectasis
Hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls emphysema
Acute inflammation and infection of alveoli, which fill with pus or products of the inflammatory reaction pneumonia
Clot or other material lodges in vessels of the lung pulmonary embolism (PE)
Infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis; lungs usually are involved, but any organ in the body may be affected tuberculosis (TB)
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space pleural effusion
Collection of air in the pleural space pneumothorax
Shortness of breath dyspnea
Abnormally rapid breathing tachypnea
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CXR chest x-ray
LLL left lower lobe
LUL left upper lobe
PCP pneumocystis pneumonia
SOB shortness of breath
URI upper respiratory infection
V/Q scan ventilation-perfusion scan
PFT pulmonary function tests
RLL right lower lobe
RUL right upper lobe
adenoid/o adenoids
alveol/o alveolus, air sac
bronchi/o bronchial tube, bronhus
bronchiol/o bronchiole, small bronchus
capn/o carbon dioxide
coni/o dust
cyan/o blue
epiglott/o epiglottis
laryng/o larynx, voice box
lob/o lobe of the lung
mediastin/o mediastinum
nas/o nose
orth/o straight/upright
ox/o oxygen
pector/o chest
pharyng/o pharynx, throat
phon/o voice
phren/o diaphragm
pleur/o pleura
pneum/o, pneumon/o air, lung
pulmon/o lung
rhin/o nose
sinus/o sinus, cavity
spir/o breathing
tel/o complete
thorac/o chest
tonsill/o tonsils
trache/o trachea, windpipe
-ema condition
-osmia smell
-pnea breathing
-ptysis spitting
sphyxia pulse
-thorax pleural cavity, chest
Created by: 571696951