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P Mylin Study Stack

Integumentary System

Generic term for an agent (usually a hormone, such as testosterone and androsterone) that stimulates development of male characteristics androgen
Very small duct ductule
Maintaining a stable internal environment homeostasis
Pouch of skin in the male that contains the testes scrotum
Formation of a complex substance by the union of simpler compounds or elements synthesis
To produce synthesis synthesize
adip/o fat
lip/o fat
steat/o skin
cutane/o skin
dermat/o skin
derm/o skin
hidr/o sweat
sudor/o sweat
ichthy/o dry, scaly
kerat/o horny tissue; hard; cornea
melan/o black
myc/o fungus (plural, fungi)
onych/o nail
ungu/o nail
pil/o hair
trich/o hair
scler/o hardening; sclera (white of eye)
seb/o sebum, sebaceous
squam/o scale
xen/o foreign, strange
xer/o dry
-cyte cell
-derma skin
-logist specialist in the study of
-logy the study of
-therapy treatment
an- without, not
dia- through, across
epi- above, upon
homo- same
hyper- excessive, above normal
sub- under, below
Localized collection of pus at the site of infection abscess
Inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of the skin acne
Partial or complete loss of hair resulting from normal aging, an endocrine disorder, a drug reaction, anticancer medication, or a skin disease; commonly known as baldness alopecia
Form of intraepidermal carcinoma (squamous cell) red-brown scaly or crusted lesions that resemble a patch of psoriasis or dermatitis Bowen disease
Widespread, acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue cellulitis
Pigmantary skin discoloration usually occuring in yellowish brown patches or spots chloasma
Typical small skin lesion of acne vulgaris caused by accumulation of keratin, bacteria, and dried sebum plugging an excretory duct of the skin comedo
Infection of the skin caused by fungi dermatomycosis
Skin discoloration consisting of a large, irregularly formed hemorrhagic area with colors changing from blue-black to greenish-brown or yellow; commonly called a bruise ecchymosis
Chronic skin inflammation characterized by erythema, papules, vesicles, pustules, scales, crusts, scabs, and possibly, itching eczema
Redness of the skin caused by swelling of the capillaries erythema
Damaged tissue following a severe burn eschar
Bacterial skin infection characterized by isolated pustules that become crusted and rupture impetigo
Thickened area of the epidermis or any horny growth on the skin (such as a callus or wart) keratosis
Small brown macules, especially on the face and arms, brought on by sun exposure lentigo
Unnatural paleness of absence of color in the skin pallor
Infestation with lice, transmitted by personal contact or common use of brushes, combs, or headgear pediculosis
Minute, pinpoint hemorrhage under the skin petecchia
Skin ulceration caused by prolonged pressure from lying in one position that prevents blood flow to the tissues - bedsores pressure ulcer
Intense itching pruritis
Chronic skin disease characterized by circumscribed red patches covered by thick, dry, silvery, adherent scales caused by excessive development of the basal layer of the epidermis psoriasis
Bleeding disorder characterized by hemorrhage into the tissues, particularly beneath the skin or mucous membranes, producing ecchymosis or petechiae purpura
Contagious skin disease transmitted by the itch mite, commonly through sexual contact scabies
Fungal skin infection whose name commonly indicates the body part affected (ringworm) tinea
Allergic reaction of the skin characterized by the eruption of pale red, elevated patches called wheals or hives urticaria
Epidermal growth caused by a virus; also known as warts verruca
Localized loss of skin pigmentation characterized by milk-white patches vitiligo
Any test in which a suspected allergen or sensitizer is applied to or injected into the skin to determine the patient's sensitivity to it skin test (ST)
injecting intradermal
topical application patch
small quantity of the suspected allergen on a lightly scratched area of the skin scratch (prick)
Representative tissue sample removed from a body site for microscopic examination biopsy
hollow needle w/syringe - small tissue sample needle biopsy
hollow punch - small core of tissue punch biopsy
surgical blade used to remove elevated lesions shave biopsy
Ultrathin slice from a frozen specimen for immediate pathological examination frozen section (FS)
Chemical removal of the outer layers of skin to treat acne scarring and general keratoses; also called chemabrasion chemical peel
Removal of necrotized tissue from a wound by surgical excision, enzymes, or chemical agents debridement
Rubbing (abrasion) using wire brushes or sandpaper to mechanically scrape away (abrade) the epidermis (to remove acne scars, tatoos and scar tissue) dermabrasion
Tissue destruction by means of high-frequency electric current; also called electrodesiccation (to destroy tissues, lesions) fulguration
Use of subfreezing temperature (commonly liquid nitrogen) to destroy or eleminate abnormal tissue, such as tumors, warts, and unwanted, cancerous tissue cryosurgery
Process of cutting through a lesion such as an abscess and draining its contents incision and drainage (I&D)
Surgical procedure to transplant healthy tissue by applying it to an injured site skin graft
Transplantation of healthy tissue from one person to another person; also called homograft (cadaver) allograft
Transplantation of healthy tissue from one site to another site in the same individual autograft
Transplantation of artificial skin produced from collagen fibers arranged in a lattice pattern synthetic graft
Transplantation (dermis only) from a foreign donor (usually a pig) and transferred to a human (heterograft) xenograft
Drug that alters the cell wall of fungi or disrupt enzyme activity, resulting in cell death antifungals
Inhibit allergic reactions of inflammation, redness, and itching caused by the release of histamine antihistamines
Topically applied agents that inhibit growth of bacteria,, thus preventing infections in cuts, scratches, and surgical incisions antiseptics
Decrease inflammation and itching by suppressing the immune system's inflammatory response to tissue damage corticosteroids
Destroy and soften the outer layer of skin so that it is sloughed off or shed keratolytics
Kill insect parasites, such as mites and lice parasiticides
Cover, cool, dry, or soothe inflamed skin protectives
Block sensation of pain by numbing the skin layers and mucous membranes topical anesthetics
Bx biopsy
BCC basal cell carcinoma
CA cancer; chronological age; cardiac arrest
cm centimeter
decub decubitus (ulcer)
derm dermatology
FS frozen section
ID intradermal
I&D incision and drainage
IMP impression (synonymous with diagnosis)
IV intravenous
subcu, Sub-Q, subQ subcutaneous (injection)
ung ointment
XP, XDP xeroderma pigmentosum
Created by: pmylin