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P Mylin Study Stack

Basic Elements of a Medical Word

dermat skin
cutane skin
nephr kidney
ren kidney
stomat mouth
or mouth
erythr/ red
gastr/ stomach
hepat/ liver
immun/ immune, immunity, safe
nephr/ kidney
oste/ bone
-itis inflammation
-megaly enlargement
-oma tumor
inflammation of the stomach gastritis
enlargement of the stomach gastromegaly
tumor of the stomach gastroma
enlargement of the liver hepatomegaly
tumor of the liver hepatoma
an- without, not
hyper- excessive, above normal
intra- in, within
para- near, beside; beyond
poly- many, much
esthes feeling
therm heat
muscul muscle
nas nose
ur urine
-ia condition
-ar pertaining to
-al pertaining to
without feeling anesthesia
excessive warmth hyperthermia
within the muscle intramuscular
near the nose paranasal
much urine polyuria
gastr/o enter/ -itis (Step 2) (Step 3) (Step 1 ) inflammation of the stomach and intestine
Rule #1 a word root links a suffix that begins with a vowel hepat + itis = hepatitis; inflammation of the liver
Rule #2 a combining form (root+0) links a suffix that begins with a consonant; an i sometimes hepat/o + cyte = hepatocyteliver cell
Rule #3 a combining form links a root to another root to form a compound word oste/o + chondr + itis = osterchondritisinflammation of bone and cartilageoste/o + arthr + itis = osteoarthritisinflammation of bone and joint
gastr + itis = gastritis inflammation of the stomach
hemat + emesis = hematemesis vomiting of blood
arthr + itis = arthritis inflammation of a joint
gastr/o -dynia = gastrodynia(stomach) (pain) pain in the stomach
hemat/o -logy = hematology(blood) (study of) study of blood
arthr/o -centesis = arthrocentesis(joint) (surgical puncture) surgical puncture of a joint
Created by: pmylin