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Chapter 5 cardiovasc

chapter 5 med term

andgi/o vessel
aort/o aorta
arteri/o artery
ather/o fatty substance
atri/o atrium
cardi/o heart
coron/o heart
hemangi/o blood vessel
phelb/o vein
electr/o electricity
sphygm/o pulse
steth/o chest
thromb/o clot
valv/o valve
valvul/o valve
vascul/o blood vessel
vas/o vessel
ven/o vein
ventricul/o ventricle
-manometer instrument to measure pressure
-ole small
-tension pressure
-ule small
-gram record, picture
-itis inflammation
-plasty surgical repair
-stenosis narrowing
-ic pertaning to
-al pertaning to
-ole small
-rrhexis rupture
-ectomy surgical removal
-oma tumor
inter- among
brady- slow
tachy- rapid
-megaly enlargement
-logist one who studies
-ary pert. to
-ous pert. to
-ar pert. to
Auscultation the process of listening to the sounds within the body by using a stethoscope
catheter a flexible tube inserted into the body for the purpose of moving fluids into or out of the body
infarct an area of tissue within an organ or part that undergoes necrosis(death following the loss of its blood supply
Ischemia the localized and temporary deficiency of blood supply due to an obstruction to the circulation
Murmur An abnormal heart sound such as a soft blowing sound or harsh click.
Orthostatic hypotension the sudden drop in blood pressure a person experience when standing up suddenly
Palpitations pounding, racing heartbeats
Plaque a yellow, fatty deposit of lipids in an artery that are the hallmark of atheroscleorsis
Regurgitation to flow backwards
Stent a stainless steel tube placed within a blood vessel or a duct to widen the lumen
Stethoscope instrument for listening to body sounds
Arrhythmia irregularity in the heartbeat or action
Congenital septal defect (CSD) a hole, present at birth, in the septum between two heart chambers; results in a mixture of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood
Congestive heart failure (CHF) pathological condition of the heart in which there is a reduced outflow of blood from the left side of the heart because the left ventricle myocardium has become too weak to efficiently pump blood.
Coronary artery disease (CAD) insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle due to an obstruction of one ore more coronary arteries
Fibrillation An extremely serious arrhythmia characterized by an abnormal quivering or contraction of heart fibers
Flutter an arrhythmia in which the atria beat too rapidly
Heart valve prolapse the cusps or flaps of the heart valve are too stiff. Therefore, they are unable to fully, making it difficult for blood to flow through, or shut tightly, allowing blood to flow backward
Tetralogy of Fallot combination of four congenital anomalies; pulmonary stenosis, an intreventricular septal defect, improper placement fo the aorta, and hypertrophy of the right ventricle
Aneurysm weakness in the wall of an artery resulting in localized widening of the artery
Arteriosclerosis thickening, hardening, and loss of elasticity of the walls of the arteries
Artherosclerosis most common form of arteriosclerosis. caused by the formation of yellowish plaques of cholesterol on the inner walls of arteries
Coarctation of the aorta severe congenital narrowing of the aorta
Embolus The obstruction of a blood vessel by a blood clot that has broken off from a thrombus somewhere else in the body and traveled to the point of obstruction
Hemorrhoid varicose veins in the anal region
Patent ductus arteriosus congenital heart abnormaly in which the fetal connection between the pulmonary artery and the aorta fails to close at birth
Peripheral vascular disease Any abnormal condition affecting blood vessel outside the heart
Taynaud's phenomenon ?
Varicose veins swollen and distended veins, usually in the legs
AF atrial fibrillation
AMI acute myocardial infraction
AS arteriosclerosis
ASD atrial septal defect
ASHD arteriosclerotic heart disease
AV atrioventricular
BBB bundle branch block
BP blood pressure
bpm beats per minute
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
CAD coronary artery disease
cath catheterization
CC cardiac catheterization
CCU coronary care unit
CHF congestive heart failure
CoA coarctation of the aorta
CP chest pain
CPK creatine phosphokinase
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CSD congenital septal defect
CV cardiovascular
DVT deep vein thrombosis
ECC extralcorporeal circulation
ECK, EKG electrocardiogram
ECHO echocardiogram
GOT glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase
HTN hypertension
ICU intensive care unit
IV intravenous
LDH lactate dehydrogenase
LVAD left ventricular assist device
LVH left ventricular hypertrophy
MI myocardial infraction
MR mitral regurgitation
MS mitral stenosis
MVP mitral valve prolapse
P pulse
PAC premature atrial contraction
PDA patent ductus ateriosus
PTCA percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
PVC premature ventricular contraction
S1 first heart sound
S2 second heart sound
SA sinoatrial
SGOT serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase
SK strepkinase
tPA tissue-type plasminogen activator
V fib ventricular fibrillation
VSD ventricular septal defect
VT ventricular tachycardia
Created by: AMJones1234