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Geography Chapter II

Study questions for chapter 2

Orbit The path followed by an object in space as it moves around another
Revolution One complete orbit of one object around another
Axis A line around which an object turns
Rotation One complete turn of an object around it's axis
Low Latitudes The region between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn
High Latitudes The region inside the Arctic and Antarctic circles
Middle Latitudes The regions between the Tropic of Cancer, and the Arctic Circle and between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle
Landform A type of shape of land such as a mountain or a plain
Mountain A landform that rises more that 2,000 ft above sea level and tapers to a peak.
Hill A landform that sits above the land around it, but is not very tall
Plateau An area of mostly flat land that rises above the surrounding land
Plain An area of mostly flat or rolling land with few tall plants such as trees
Plate Tectonics The theory that the Earth's crust is made up of several pieces that shift around
Plate A section of the Earth's Crust that moves slowly
Weathering The breaking down of rocks by wind rain, or other forms of precipitation
Erosion The process in which the elements slowly wear away and remove land
Atmosphere The band of gasses surrounding a planet
Weather The condition of the atmosphere at one location at one specific time
Temperature The measure of how hot or cold a substance is
Precipitation Any form of water falling down on earth from clouds
Climate The average weather patterns in an area over time
Why is the sun important to planets in the solar system? It provides warmth and light for all of the planets, as well as a path for them to follow in order that they might not fly off in an undetermined path.
Created by: Angstrom Dog