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Med Term Mod 14

Opportunistic Infections with AIDS

candidiasis Candida, overgrows causing infection of mouth, respiratory tract, & skin
cryptoccocal infection (crypto) Cryptoccocus causes lung, brain & blood infections
Cryptosporidiosis Cryptosporidium infection of gastrointestinal tract, brain & spinal cord
cytomegalovirus is found in saliva, semen, cervical secretions, urine, feces, blood & breast milk
cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection virus causes enteritis & retinitis; usually only causes disease when immune system compromised
Herpes Simplex viral infection causes small blisters on skin of lips/nose, or on genitals
can also cause encephalitis Herpes Simplex virus
histoplasmosis (Histo) Histoplasma capsulatum infection caused by inhalation of dust contaminated with pathogen
causes fever, chills, & lung infections histoplasmosis
mycobacterium avium-intracellulare (MAI) infection bacterial disease manifesting with fever, malaise, night sweats, anorexia, diarrhea, weight loss, as well as lung & blood infections
pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) pneumoccocus jirovecii cause lung infection with fever, cough, & chest pain
treatment includes: trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, combination of antibiotics, or with pentamidine pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP)
this can help prevent occurance of PCP aerosolizes pentamidine, which is inhaled
toxoplasmosis (Toxo) parasitic infection involving CNS, causing fever, chills, visual distrubances, confusion, hemiparesis, & seizures
acquired by eating uncooked lamb/pork, unpasturized dairy products & raw eggs/vegetables Toxo
Tuberculosis (TB) bacterial disease involving the lungs; signs/symptoms are fever, loss of weight, anorexia, & low energy