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Looking Inside Cells

Description and Function of Plant and Animal Cells

Organelles Tiny cell structures that carry specific functions within the cell.
What is the rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds plant cells called? Cell Wall
What are cell walls made of? Cellulose
Which cell has a cell wall? A plant cell, an animal cell or both? A plant cell.
What passes through the cell wall? Water and oxygen.
What is the function of the cell wall? It helps protect and support the cell.
Where is the cell membrane located in cells that have cell walls? Just inside the cell wall.
Where is the cell membrane located in cells that DO NOT have cell walls? Outside the boundary that separates the cell from its environment.
Where are ribosomes made? In the nucleolus.
What contains the instructions that direct the functions of the cell? Chromatin
Materials pass in and out of what through pores in the nuclear envelope? The Nucleus
This part of the cell is the region between the cell membrane and the nucleus. Cytoplasm
Which organelle is known as the "Power House?" Mitochondria
What is the function of Mitochondria? They convert energy in food molecules to energy the cell can use to carry out its functions.
What is the function of Endoplasmic Reticulum? To carry proteins and other materials from one part of the cell to another.
What are factories to produce proteins? Ribosomes
What is the function of Golgi bodies? To receive proteins and other newly formed materials from the Endoplasmic Reticulum, package them, and distribute them to other parts of the cell.
What do Chloroplasts do? This organelle captures energy from sunlight and uses it to produce food for the cell.
What are storage areas for cells? Vacuoles
What do vacuoles store? Food and other materials needed by the cell. They can also store wastes.
What is the function of Lysosomes? To break down food particles and worn out cell parts.
Cell Theory 1) All organisms are made up of 1 or more cells. 2) A cell is the smallest unit of life 3) All cells come from other cells.
How many life processes does a cell carry out? 6
Most cells have these basic organelles. Cell membrane Cytoplasm Nucleus Nuclear envelope
Created by: miagi78