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med term ch7.

med term ch 7

arthralgia pain in the joints
atrophy wasting away "without development"
cardiac muscle specailalized type of muscle that forms the wall of the heart, is an involuntary
contract/contraction a reduction in size
contracture an abnormal (usually permanent) bending of a joint into a fixed position; usually caused by artophy and shortening of muscle fibers
fascia thin sheets of fibrous connective tissue that penetrate and cover the entire muscle, holding the fibers toegther
insertion the point of attachement of a muscle to a bone it moves
muscle fiber the name given to the individual muscle cell
involuntary muscle muscles that act without consicous control
origin the point of attachemnt of a muscle to a bone that is less movable
pelvic girdle weakness weakness of the muscles of the pelvic girdle
pseudohypertrophic muscluar dystrophy a form of musclar dystrophy that is caharterczied by progressive weaknessand muscle fiber degneration without evidence of nerve involment ir degneration of nerve tissue
skeltal muscle muscles that attach to the bones of the skeleton
smooth muscle muscls found in the walls of hollow organs and tubes such as the stomach, intestines, blood vessels
striated muscle muscles that have a striped apperance when viewed under a microscope
tendon a strong fibrous band of tissue that extends from a muscle, attaching it to the bone by becoming continous with the perisoterum of the bone
torso the main part of the body, to which the head and the extremties are attached
trunk the main part of the body, to which the head and the extremties are attached
visceral muscle muscles of the internal organs
voluntary muscle muscles (such as skeltal muscle) that operate under conscious control
musclar dystrophy is a group of gentically transmitted disorders characertized by progressive symmertrical wasting of skeletal muscles
polymyositis is a chronic,progressive diease affecting the skeletal muscles
rotator cuff tear a tear in the muscles that form a "cuff" over the upper end of the arm
strains is an injury to the body of the muscle of attachment of the tendon, resulting form overstrecthing, overextension or misuse
muscle biopsy is the extraction of a specimen of muscle tissue, through either a biopsy needle or an incisional biopsy, for the purpose of examining it under a micrscope
electromyography is the process of recording the strength of the contraction of a muscle when it is stimulation by an electric current
ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis that affects the vertebral column and causes deformities of the spine
adhesive capsulitis is a shoulder condition characterized by stiffness of the shoulder, limites shoulder movement, and pain, known as "frozen shoulder"
Created by: Courtneey